An improvement in quality of life and survival occurred among thalassemia major (TM) patients: pregnancy in such patients has become a reality. Safe pregnancy and delivery require efforts to ensure the best outcomes. Between 2007 and 2016, 30 TM patients had 37 pregnancies. We analyzed the hematological parameters before, during, and after pregnancies and in 19 patients a cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) T2* was performed. The mean age at first pregnancy was 30 ± 4 years; the current mean age is 35 ± 5 years. Twenty-four patients (80%) had a single pregnancy, five patients (17%) had two pregnancies, and one patient (3%) became pregnant three times. Seventeen pregnancies (46%) were spontaneous, 20 (64%) needed gonadotrophin-induced ovulation and/or reproductive technologies. All pregnancies resulted in live births. Seven were twin pregnancies (19%). The mean gestational hemoglobin was 9.2 ± 0.5 g/dl, lower than pre- and postpregnancy (9.8 ± 1 g/dl, p = ns and 9.6 ± 1 g/dl, p = 0.02, respectively). Median ferritin levels increased progressively (1071, range 409-5724 ng/ml, before pregnancy vs 2231, range 836-6918 ng/ml, after pregnancy, p < 0.0001). CMR before pregnancy showed a normal cardiac T2* (mean 35.34 ± 8.90 ms) and a mean liver iron concentration (LIC) of 3.37 ± 2.11 mg/g dry weight (dw). After pregnancy, the mean cardiac T2* was 31.06 ± 13.26 ms and the mean LIC was significantly increased (9.06 ± 5.75 mg/g dw, p = 0.0001). Pregnancy is possible and safe in thalassemia major. During pregnancy, iron accumulates, especially in the liver; a prompt resumption of chelation after delivery is mandatory.
Pregnancy in patients with thalassemia major : a cohort study and conclusions for an adequate care management approach / E. Cassinerio, I. Baldini, R. Alameddine, A. Marcon, R. Borroni, W. Ossola, A. Taher, M. Cappellini. - In: ANNALS OF HEMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0939-5555. - 96:6(2017), pp. 1015-1021.
|Titolo:||Pregnancy in patients with thalassemia major : a cohort study and conclusions for an adequate care management approach|
CAPPELLINI, MARIA DOMENICA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Delivery; Hypogonadism; Magnetic resonance T2*; Pregnancy; Thalassemia major; Adult; Birth Weight; Blood Transfusion; Cohort Studies; Female; Ferritins; Hemoglobins; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Iron; Live Birth; Liver; Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine; Male; Pregnancy; Quality of Life; beta-Thalassemia; Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic; Hematology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-017-2979-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
File in questo prodotto:
|Cassinerio_Pregnancy_Ann_Hematol_10.1007_s00277-017-2979-9.pdf||Publisher's version/PDF||Administrator Richiedi una copia|