Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs) are commonly described as unconscious muscular activities aimed to counterbalance the perturbation caused by the primary movement, so as to ensure the whole-body balance. These activities usually create one or more fixation chains which spread over several muscles of different limbs, and may be thus called inter-limb APAs. However, we reported that APAs also precede voluntary movements involving tiny masses, like a flexion/extension of the wrist or even a brisk flexion of the index-finger. In particular, such movements are preceded by an intra-limb APA chain, that involves muscles acting on the proximal joints. Considering the small mass of the moving segments, it is unlikely that the ensuing perturbation could threaten the whole-body balance, so that it is interesting to enquire the physiological role of intra-limb APAs and their organization and control compared to inter-limb APAs. Since several years, our research is focused on intra-limb APAs and highlighted a strict correspondence in their behaviour and temporal/spatial organization with respect to inter-limb APAs. Hence we suggested that both are manifestations of the same phenomenon. Particular emphasis has been given to intra-limb APAs preceding index-finger flexion, because their relatively simple biomechanics and the fact that muscular actions were limited to a single arm allowed peculiar investigations, leading to important conclusions. Indeed, such paradigm provided evidence that APAs and prime mover activation are driven by a shared motor command, and also that by granting a proper fixation of those body segments proximal to the moving one, APAs are involved in refining movement precision.

The intra-limb anticipatory postural adjustments and their role in movement performance / P. Cavallari, F. Bolzoni, C. Bruttini, R..P. Esposti. - In: ACTA PHYSIOLOGICA. - ISSN 1748-1708. - 221:Suppl. 713(2017 Sep), pp. B12-2.156-B12-2.157. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Joint Meeting of the Federation of European Physiological Societies and the Austrian Physiological Society with Participation of the Czech, French, Italian, Slovak, Slovenian, Swiss and Turkish Physiological Societies tenutosi a Vienna nel 2017.

The intra-limb anticipatory postural adjustments and their role in movement performance

P. Cavallari;F. Bolzoni;C. Bruttini;R..P. Esposti
2017-09

Abstract

Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs) are commonly described as unconscious muscular activities aimed to counterbalance the perturbation caused by the primary movement, so as to ensure the whole-body balance. These activities usually create one or more fixation chains which spread over several muscles of different limbs, and may be thus called inter-limb APAs. However, we reported that APAs also precede voluntary movements involving tiny masses, like a flexion/extension of the wrist or even a brisk flexion of the index-finger. In particular, such movements are preceded by an intra-limb APA chain, that involves muscles acting on the proximal joints. Considering the small mass of the moving segments, it is unlikely that the ensuing perturbation could threaten the whole-body balance, so that it is interesting to enquire the physiological role of intra-limb APAs and their organization and control compared to inter-limb APAs. Since several years, our research is focused on intra-limb APAs and highlighted a strict correspondence in their behaviour and temporal/spatial organization with respect to inter-limb APAs. Hence we suggested that both are manifestations of the same phenomenon. Particular emphasis has been given to intra-limb APAs preceding index-finger flexion, because their relatively simple biomechanics and the fact that muscular actions were limited to a single arm allowed peculiar investigations, leading to important conclusions. Indeed, such paradigm provided evidence that APAs and prime mover activation are driven by a shared motor command, and also that by granting a proper fixation of those body segments proximal to the moving one, APAs are involved in refining movement precision.
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Federation of European Physiological Societies
Austrian Physiological Society
Czech Physiological Society
French Physiological Society
Italian Physiological Society
Slovak Physiological Society
Slovenian Physiological Society
Swiss Physiological Society
Turkish Physiological Society
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/523509
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