Objectives: A relation of prostate cancer risk with calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus has been suggested, but remains controversial. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Italy in 1991–2002. Cases were 1294 men with incident prostate cancer, and controls were 1451 men admitted to hospital for acute non-neoplastic diseases. Odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional multiple logistic regression. Results: Compared to the lowest one quintile of dietary calcium intake the OR was 1.18 for the highest, 1.01 for an increment of 622 mg/day of calcium, and 1.29 (95% CI 0.78–2.13) for 2000 mg/day or more of calcium. The OR of prostate cancer for the highest quintile of dietary intake of vitamin D and phosphorus were 1.33 and 1.20 respectively. Conclusions: This study shows no material association of dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D and phosphorus with prostate cancer risk.
|Titolo:||Dietary intake of calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus and the risk of prostate cancer|
BERTUCCIO, PAOLA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Calcium; Case-control study; Phosphorus; Prostate cancer; Risk factors; Vitamin D|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.eururo.2005.03.023|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|