Colemanite, CaB3O4(OH)3·H2O, is a common hydrous borate of large economic relevance, as it is one of the major commodities of boron with applications in the fields of glass and ceramic industries. Colemanite-rich layers are usually found in stratigraphic successions related to lacustrine basins in semi-arid to arid environments, associated to a local volcanic activity, which provides the source for boron. Despite the large economic relevance, the behavior of this mineral at non-ambient conditions of temperature and pressure was almost unexplored, which can provide a basis for understanding its stability during diagenetic and metamorphic processes. In this contribution, we report the highpressure behavior of colemanite (Lotti et al., 2017), based on in situ single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction data up to 24 GPa, and its low-T behavior by in situ X-ray and neutron single-crystal diffraction. Colemanite was found to be stable up ~ 14.5 GPa, where a reconstructive phase transition towards a high-pressure polymorph (colemanite-II) with same symmetry (space group P21/a), but a six times larger unit cell volume, occurs. The elastic behavior of colemanite was described by fitting the experimental data with a III-order Birchurnaghan equation of state, yielding the following refined elastic parameters: KV0 = 64(4) GPa and KV' 5.5(7). The colemanite-tocolemanite-II phase transition induces an increase in the average coordination number of both the Ca and B cations. In particular, a fraction of the boron sites increases its coordination from triangular to tetrahedral by making a further bond with a H2O-oxygen atom. Although the phase transition occurs (at ambient temperature) at pressures far from those associated with the usual geologic environments of colemanite, the reported results disclosed flexible deformation mechanisms that borate compounds may adopt to accommodate pressure, thus providing new insights on the behavior of borate minerals at non-ambient conditions. The complex hydrogen-bonding network of olemanite has also been characterized, at ambient and low temperature conditions, by means of in situ single-crystal synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments. A positional disorder, related to the presence of two mutually exclusive configurations of the H2O-molecule hydrogen atoms, was found both above and below ~ 0°C, where a displacive phase transition from the P21/a to the P21 space group occurs. Lotti, P., Gatta, G.D., Comboni, D., Guastella, G, Merlini, M., Guastoni, A., Liermann, H.-P. (2017): High-pressure behavior and Pinduced phase transition of CaB3O4(OH)3*H2O (colemanite), J. Am. Ceram. Soc., in press, DOI: 10.1111/jace.14730.
The behavior at non-ambient conditions of colemanite: a hydrous Ca-borate / G.D. Gatta, D. Comboni, P. Lotti, M. Merlini, A. Guastoni. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Geosciences: a tool in a changing world tenutosi a Pisa nel 2017.
|Titolo:||The behavior at non-ambient conditions of colemanite: a hydrous Ca-borate|
GATTA, GIACOMO DIEGO (Corresponding)
COMBONI, DAVIDE (Secondo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-set-2017|
|Parole Chiave:||colemanite; borates; phase transition; high pressure; hydrogen bonding|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul|
Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia
|Enti collegati al convegno:||Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia; Società Geologica Italiana; Società Geochimica Italiana; Associazione Italiana di Vulcanologia|
|Citazione:||The behavior at non-ambient conditions of colemanite: a hydrous Ca-borate / G.D. Gatta, D. Comboni, P. Lotti, M. Merlini, A. Guastoni. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Geosciences: a tool in a changing world tenutosi a Pisa nel 2017.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|