The genus Primula is the largest among the Primulaceae and is widespread mainly in the cold and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Since the beginning of the Twentieth century, several studies on the phytochemical composition of different species of Primula have been carried out. The main constituents examined were tissue and epicuticular flavonoids and saponins, which are of therapeutic significance. Only in recent years studies of the volatiles emitted by leaves and flowers have been carried out as well, but they are restricted to a small number of species. Only a few authors have documented the morphology and function of glandular trichomes in relation to the production of flavonoids and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The use of Primula in folk medicine is described in the literature. Investigation of the biological and pharmacological activities of Primula are reported. This study aims at providing a collection of publications on the genus Primula along with a critical revision of literature data. It focuses on the possible taxonomic significance of the secondary metabolites and on their ecological role as attractors for pollinators and deterrents against herbivores and parasites, in order to build the base for further studies.
Phytochemistry of European Primula species / P..S. Colombo, G. Flamini, G. Rodondi, C. Giuliani, L. Santagostini, G. Fico. - In: PHYTOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0031-9422. - 143(2017), pp. 132-144.
|Titolo:||Phytochemistry of European Primula species|
SANTAGOSTINI, LAURA (Penultimo)
FICO, GELSOMINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||chemotaxonomy; Europe; flavonoids; genus primula; primulaceae; saponins; volatile compounds; biochemistry; molecular biology; plant science; horticulture|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/15 - Biologia Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2017.07.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|