Background: Bile acid synthesis accounts for more than 95% of total cholesterol catabolism per day. We have developed a minimally invasive technique in humans that quantifies the rates of plasma appearance of 7 alpha and 27-hydroxycholesterol, representing the first steps of the "classical" and "altemative" pathways of bile acid synthesis, respectively. Methods: For this purpose, during the intravenous infusion of synthetic deuterated isotoporners of 7 alpha-hydroxycholesterol and 27-hydroxycholesterol plasma samples are collected and analysed by a GC-MS based method that allows to quantify the exogenous/natural isotoporner ratio of the two sterols. From this data, the rates of plasma appearance of 7 alpha and 27-hydroxycholesterol are calculated. Results: In a group of healthy individuals steady state kinetics are obtained during a 2 h period yielding mean values of 2.0 +/- 0.8 and 3.7 +/- 0.6 mg/h for 7 alpha and 27-hydroxycholesterol, respectively. The data are consistent with findings using older techniques that require studies over several days. Conclusion: Considering that at steady state of the exogenous/natural isotopomer ratio the plasma. appearance of the two regulatory hydroxysterols are related to the rate of bile acid synthesis via the "classical" and the "altemative" pathways,respectively, the proposed method could be used to evaluate the immediate effects of different diets and drugs and other determinants on cholesterol catabolism.
|Titolo:||A minimally invasive technique for the evaluation of the regulatory steps of the two major pathways of bile acid synthesis|
|Parole Chiave:||27-Hydroxycholesterol; 7α-Hydroxycholesterol; Bile acid synthesis; Mass spectrometry; Stable isotopes|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.cccn.2004.11.037|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|