Background Among the various stem cell populations used for cell therapy, adult mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have emerged as a major new cell technology. These cells must be tracked after transplantation to monitor their migration within the body and quantify their accumulation at the target site. This study assessed whether rat bone marrow MSCs can be labelled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles and perfluorocarbon (PFC) nanoemulsion formulations without altering cell viability and compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) results from iron-labelled and fluorine-labelled MSCs, respectively. Methods Of MSCs, 2 × 106 were labelled with Molday ION Rhodamine-B (MIRB) and 2 × 106 were labelled with Cell Sense. Cell viability was evaluated by trypan blue exclusion method. Labelled MSCs were divided into four samples containing increasing cell numbers (0.125 × 106, 0.25 × 106, 0.5 × 106, 1 × 106) and scanned on a 7T MRI: for MIRB-labelled cells, phantoms and cells negative control, T1, T2 and T2* maps were acquired; for Cell Sense labelled cells, phantoms and unlabelled cells, a 19F non-localised single-pulse MRS sequence was acquired. Results In total, 86.8% and 83.6% of MIRB-labelled cells and Cell Sense-labelled cells were viable, respectively. MIRB-labelled cells were visible in all samples with different cell numbers; pellets containing 0.5 × 106 and 1 × 106 of Cell Sense-labelled cells showed a detectable 19F signal. Conclusions Our data support the use of both types of contrast material (SPIO and PFC) for MSCs labelling, although further efforts should be dedicated to improve the efficiency of PFC labelling.

In vitro labelling and detection of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) : a comparative study between Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of iron-labelled cells and 19F-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) of fluorine-labelled cells / S. Rizzo, F. Petrella, I. Zucca, E. Rinaldi, A. Barbaglia, F. Padelli, F. Baggi, L. Spaggiari, M. Bellomi, M. Bruzzone. - In: EUROPEAN RADIOLOGY EXPERIMENTAL. - ISSN 2509-9280. - 1(2017 Dec), pp. 6.1-6.7. [10.1186/s41747-017-0010-9]

In vitro labelling and detection of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) : a comparative study between Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of iron-labelled cells and 19F-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) of fluorine-labelled cells

F. Petrella
Secondo
;
L. Spaggiari;M. Bellomi
Penultimo
;
2017-12

Abstract

Background Among the various stem cell populations used for cell therapy, adult mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have emerged as a major new cell technology. These cells must be tracked after transplantation to monitor their migration within the body and quantify their accumulation at the target site. This study assessed whether rat bone marrow MSCs can be labelled with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles and perfluorocarbon (PFC) nanoemulsion formulations without altering cell viability and compared magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) results from iron-labelled and fluorine-labelled MSCs, respectively. Methods Of MSCs, 2 × 106 were labelled with Molday ION Rhodamine-B (MIRB) and 2 × 106 were labelled with Cell Sense. Cell viability was evaluated by trypan blue exclusion method. Labelled MSCs were divided into four samples containing increasing cell numbers (0.125 × 106, 0.25 × 106, 0.5 × 106, 1 × 106) and scanned on a 7T MRI: for MIRB-labelled cells, phantoms and cells negative control, T1, T2 and T2* maps were acquired; for Cell Sense labelled cells, phantoms and unlabelled cells, a 19F non-localised single-pulse MRS sequence was acquired. Results In total, 86.8% and 83.6% of MIRB-labelled cells and Cell Sense-labelled cells were viable, respectively. MIRB-labelled cells were visible in all samples with different cell numbers; pellets containing 0.5 × 106 and 1 × 106 of Cell Sense-labelled cells showed a detectable 19F signal. Conclusions Our data support the use of both types of contrast material (SPIO and PFC) for MSCs labelling, although further efforts should be dedicated to improve the efficiency of PFC labelling.
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs); Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO); Perfluorocarbon (PFC); Cell labelling; Cell tracking
Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/520958
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