Under physiologic conditions, a hemostatic balance is achieved through the effects of natural procoagulant and anticoagulant factors which, in equilibrium with each other, provide hemostasis at the sites of vascular injury. Abnormalities of these hemostasis factors can result in a tendency toward hemorrhagic or thrombotic events. In this review the influence of inherited prothrombotic risk factors-especially the more frequent factor V Leiden and prothrombin gene mutations-on normal and abnormal hemostasis is analyzed from an evolutionary point of view. The effect of inherited bleeding disorders on the development of thrombotic or atherosclerotic processes is also discussed.

The hemostatic balance revisited through the lessons of mankind evolution / M. Franchini, P.M. Mannucci. - In: INTERNAL AND EMERGENCY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1828-0447. - 3:1(2008 Mar), pp. 3-8.

The hemostatic balance revisited through the lessons of mankind evolution

P.M. Mannucci
Ultimo
2008-03

Abstract

Under physiologic conditions, a hemostatic balance is achieved through the effects of natural procoagulant and anticoagulant factors which, in equilibrium with each other, provide hemostasis at the sites of vascular injury. Abnormalities of these hemostasis factors can result in a tendency toward hemorrhagic or thrombotic events. In this review the influence of inherited prothrombotic risk factors-especially the more frequent factor V Leiden and prothrombin gene mutations-on normal and abnormal hemostasis is analyzed from an evolutionary point of view. The effect of inherited bleeding disorders on the development of thrombotic or atherosclerotic processes is also discussed.
Factor V Leiden; Hemorrhagic and thrombotic events; Hemostasis factors
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/52049
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