BackgroundAlthough acne vulgaris is a common skin disorder, limited epidemiological data exist specifically for European populations. ObjectiveTo determine the prevalence of self-reported acne among young people in Europe and evaluate the effect of lifestyle on acne. MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional population-based online survey in representative samples of individuals aged 15-24years in Belgium, Czech and Slovak Republics, France, Italy, Poland and Spain (n=10521), identified by a quota sampling method based on age, geographic location and socio-professional category. ResultsThe overall adjusted prevalence of self-reported acne was 57.8% (95% confidence interval 56.9% to 58.7%). The rates per country ranged from 42.2% in Poland to 73.5% in the Czech and Slovak Republics. The prevalence of acne was highest at age 15-17years and decreased with age. On multivariate analysis, a history of maternal or paternal acne was associated with an increased probability of having acne (odds ratio 3.077, 95% CI 2.743 to 3.451, and 2.700, 95% CI 2.391 to 3.049, respectively; both P<0.0001), as was the consumption of chocolate (OR 1.276, 95% CI 1.094 to 1.488, for quartile 4 vs. quartile 1). Increasing age (OR 0.728, 95% CI 0.639 to 0.830 for age 21-24years vs. 15-17years) and smoking tobacco (OR 0.705, 95% CI 0.616 to 0.807) were associated with a reduced probability of acne. ConclusionThe overall prevalence of self-reported acne was high in adolescents/young adults in the European countries investigated. Heredity was the main risk factor for developing acne.
Acne prevalence and associations with lifestyle : a cross-sectional online survey of adolescents/young adults in 7 European countries / P. Wolkenstein, A. Machovcová, J.C. Szepietowski, D. Tennstedt, S. Veraldi, A. Delarue. - In: JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ACADEMY OF DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY. - ISSN 0926-9959. - 32:2(2018), pp. 298-306.
|Titolo:||Acne prevalence and associations with lifestyle : a cross-sectional online survey of adolescents/young adults in 7 European countries|
VERALDI, STEFANO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Glycemic-load diet; quality-of-life; controlled-trial; tobacco smoking; Korean patients; young-adults; risk-factors; Hong-Kong; vulgaris; epidemiology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/35 - Malattie Cutanee e Veneree|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||14-lug-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.14475|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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