This work intends to be a review of the current status of knowledge on the cardiac conduction system in the crib death as well as remaining challenges, including reflections upon authors' personal works as well as many studies by others. The cardiac conduction system findings of resorptive degeneration, His bundle dispersion, Mahaim fibers, cartilaginous meta-hyperplasia, persistent fetal dispersion, left sided His bundle, hemorrhage of the atrio-ventricular junction, septation of the bifurcation, atrio-ventricular node dispersion, sinus node hypoplasia, Zahn node, His bundle hypoplasia, atrio-ventricular node and His bundle dualism are hereby discussed by the authors. The cardiac hypotheses postulating that crib death could be due to lethal cardiac arrhythmias or heart block were considered of great interest in the 1970s. After a general abandon of the conduction studies in crib death, the cardiac concept of crib death is gathering a renewed interest, as well as the occurrence of infantile junctional tachycardia. Both the morphological and functional derangement underlying crib death remain poorly understood, assuring that it remains to be a major medical and social problem. Despite the non-specificity of most of the cardiac conduction findings in crib death, we believe that they, in association with altered neurovegetative stimuli, could underlie potentially malignant arrhythmias, providing a morphologic support for the cardiac concept of crib death.
|Titolo:||Crib death : further support for the concept of fatal cardiac electrical instability as the final common pathway|
|Parole Chiave:||Accessory pathways; Cardiac conduction system; Crib death; Resorptive degeneration|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||nov-2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0167-5273(03)00043-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|