INTRODUCTION: The study investigated the effect of untreated cardiac arrest (CA), i.e. “no-flow” time, on post-resuscitation myocardial and neurological injury, and survival in a pig model to identify an optimal duration that adequately reflects the most frequent clinical scenario. METHODS:: An established model of myocardial infarction followed by CA and cardiopulmonary resuscitation was used. Twenty-two pigs were subjected to 3 no-flow durations: short (8–10?min); intermediate (12–13?min); and long (14–15?min). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was assessed together with thermodilution cardiac output (CO) and high sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT). Neurological impairment was evaluated by neurological scores, serum neuron specific enolase (NSE), and histopathology. RESULTS:: More than 60% of animals survived when the duration of CA was ≤13?min, compared to only 20% for a duration ≥14?min. Neuronal degeneration and neurological scores showed a trend towards a worse recovery for longer no-flow durations. No animals achieved a good neurological recovery for a no-flow ≥14?min, in comparison to a 56% for a duration ≤13?min (p?=?0.043). Serum NSE levels significantly correlated with the no-flow duration (r?=?0.892). Longer durations of CA were characterized by lower LVEF and CO compared to shorter durations (p?<?0.05). The longer was the no-flow time, the higher was the number of defibrillations delivered (p?=?0.043). The defibrillations delivered significantly correlated with LVEF and plasma hs-cTnT. CONCLUSIONS:: Longer no-flow durations caused greater post-resuscitation myocardial and neurological dysfunction and reduced survival. An untreated CA of 12–13?min may be an optimal choice for a clinically relevant model.
Duration of Untreated Cardiac Arrest and Clinical Relevance of Animal Experiments : The Relationship Between the “No-Flow” Duration and the Severity of Post-Cardiac Arrest Syndrome in a Porcine Model / G. Babini, L. Grassi, I. Russo, D. Novelli, A. Boccardo, A. Luciani, F. Fumagalli, L. Staszewsky, F. Fiordaliso, M. de Maglie, M. Salio, D.D. Zani, T. Letizia, S. Masson, M.V. Luini, D. Pravettoni, E. Scanziani, R. Latini, G. Ristagno. - In: SHOCK. - ISSN 1073-2322. - 49:2(2018 Feb 01), pp. 205-212.
|Titolo:||Duration of Untreated Cardiac Arrest and Clinical Relevance of Animal Experiments : The Relationship Between the “No-Flow” Duration and the Severity of Post-Cardiac Arrest Syndrome in a Porcine Model|
GRASSI, LUIGI GIUSEPPE (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||emergency medicine; critical care and intensive care medicine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria|
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-feb-2018|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SHK.0000000000000914|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|