Purpose. To investigate the effects of age on the prevalence of ocular surface diseases (OSD), adherence to treatment, and recovery rates. Patients and Methods. Retrospective analysis of 3000 clinical records from a first-level general ophthalmology clinic. Patients with OSD were prospectively submitted a questionnaire to assess compliance and recovery rates. Results. OSD prevalence was 10.3%. Patients with OSD were significantly older than patients without it: 67.5 ± 20.3 versus 57.0 ± 22.0 years (P = 0.036). No significant difference in season distribution was shown. Dry eye disease (DED) represented 58% of OSD; its prevalence increased with age until 80 years old and suddenly decreased thereafter. Asymptomatic DED was 37%. Adherence to treatment in OSD was very high (94%); recovery rates were lower in patients aged 21-40 and 61-80 (resp., 65.5% and 77.8%) and this was associated with higher OSDI scores. Tear substitutes represented 50% of all prescribed medications; their use increased with age. Discussion. In a "reallife"low-tech setting, OSD showed a prevalence of 10.3%. DED was the most prevalent disease, and it was asymptomatic in more than 1/3 of cases.
Age-related changes of the ocular surface : a hospital setting-based retrospective study / L. Ottobelli, P. Fogagnolo, M. Guerini, L. Rossetti. - In: JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 2090-004X. - 2014(2014), pp. 532378.1-532378.6.
|Titolo:||Age-related changes of the ocular surface : a hospital setting-based retrospective study|
OTTOBELLI, LAURA (Corresponding)
FOGAGNOLO, PAOLO (Secondo)
GUERINI, MARTA (Penultimo)
ROSSETTI, LUCA MARIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/30 - Malattie Apparato Visivo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/532378|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|