SK-ER3 cells were recently demonstrated to represent a valuable model for the study of estrogen-inducible differentiation of neural cells in culture. This system may constitute an important tool also for the analysis of the effects of neurotoxic drugs. The present study demonstrates that short term exposure to Mn causes increased proliferation rate of SK-ER3 cells regardless of their differentiation. Long term treatment causes cell death in undifferentiated cells at concentrations of the metal as low as 100 nM. When the cells are differentiated with estrogens, death is observed only with a Mn concentration two orders of magnitude higher. Measurement of neurite extension and quantitation of tyrosine hydroxylase content after long-term exposure to the metal allow the conclusion that Mn does not alter the state of differentiation of SK-ER3 cells induced by the treatment with the hormone. The study underlines the importance of studying the effect of Mn in proliferating neural cells and demonstrates the toxic role of micromolar concentrations of the metal in fully differentiated neural cells. Since other authors produced evidence of effects of the metal on cell death and proliferation only at millimolar concentrations, and none described its proliferative activity, the model utilized in the present study seems to be of particular interest.
Manganese effects on the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-ER3 / D. Di Lorenzo, F. Ferrari, P. Agrati, H. De Vos, P. Apostoli, L. Alessio, A. Albertini, A. Maggi. - In: TOXICOLOGY AND APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0041-008X. - 140:1(1996 Sep), pp. 51-57.
|Titolo:||Manganese effects on the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-ER3|
FERRARI, FABIO MASSIMO (Secondo)
MAGGI, ADRIANA CATERINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||cell differentiation; cell division; cell line; cell survival; dose-response relationship, drug; estradiol; humans; neuroblastoma; thymidine; manganese poisoning; pharmacology; toxicology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-1996|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/taap.1996.0196|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|