Cerebrovascular disease is the most frequent clinical manifestation of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) at disease onset, after deep venous thrombosis. At a 10-year follow-up, it represents the overall most common clinical event related to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Besides thrombotic events affecting brain circulation, a wide range of “non-criteria” neurological manifestations has been associated with aPL such as dementia, epilepsy, chorea, headache, multiple sclerosis, myelopathy, peripheral neuropathy, hearing loss, and ocular syndromes. aPL display a particular tropism for cerebral circulation, which might be partially explained by the peculiarity of brain endothelial cells. However, aPL might induce neurological manifestations not only because of pro-thrombotic mechanisms but also because they can bind to neurons and astrocytes, disrupting their function. Ischemic manifestations of APS always require the initiation of either antiplatelet drugs or long-term anticoagulants; no standard treatment is available for nonvascular neurological manifestations of APS. The wide heterogeneity in neurological presentation of APS represents a challenge for clinicians: it is important to promptly recognize and effectively treat them in early stages, in order to avoid diagnostic and therapeutic delay

APS and the nervous system / C.B. Chighizola, D. Sangalli, B. Corrà, V. Silani, L. Adobbati (RARE DISEASES OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM). - In: Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome: From Bench to Bedside / [a cura di] P.L. Meroni. - [s.l] : Springer, 2015. - ISBN 9783319110431. - pp. 89-102 [10.1007/978-3-319-11044-8_8]

APS and the nervous system

C.B. Chighizola
Primo
;
D. Sangalli
Secondo
;
V. Silani
Penultimo
;
2015

Abstract

Cerebrovascular disease is the most frequent clinical manifestation of the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) at disease onset, after deep venous thrombosis. At a 10-year follow-up, it represents the overall most common clinical event related to antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). Besides thrombotic events affecting brain circulation, a wide range of “non-criteria” neurological manifestations has been associated with aPL such as dementia, epilepsy, chorea, headache, multiple sclerosis, myelopathy, peripheral neuropathy, hearing loss, and ocular syndromes. aPL display a particular tropism for cerebral circulation, which might be partially explained by the peculiarity of brain endothelial cells. However, aPL might induce neurological manifestations not only because of pro-thrombotic mechanisms but also because they can bind to neurons and astrocytes, disrupting their function. Ischemic manifestations of APS always require the initiation of either antiplatelet drugs or long-term anticoagulants; no standard treatment is available for nonvascular neurological manifestations of APS. The wide heterogeneity in neurological presentation of APS represents a challenge for clinicians: it is important to promptly recognize and effectively treat them in early stages, in order to avoid diagnostic and therapeutic delay
Settore MED/16 - Reumatologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/513799
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