Maxillofacial trauma poses a challenge for the anesthesiologist because injuries can often compromise the patient's airways. Airway maintenance is the first step in the American College of Surgeons Advance Trauma Life Support (ATLS®) protocol. However, clinical dilemmas may arise about the best way to manage a potentially life-threatening injury. There are no recommendations about the best time to intubate, the warning signs for deciding to intubate, or which device should be used when difficulty is expected. In this context the ATLS® approach is important but not sufficient. It is also necessary to recognize and be able to manage specific problems in this scenario where clinical priorities may be conflicting, may suddenly change or may be hidden. This clinical review discusses the complexity of this scenario, providing an overview of the conditions at greatest risk for airway obstruction and the options for airway management, on the basis of the recent literature. Clinicians must recognize the milestones and pitfalls of this topic in order to adopt a systematic approach for airway management, to identify specific characteristics associated with it, and to establish the utility of different instruments for airway management.

Maxillofacial trauma in the emergency department : pearls and pitfalls in airway management / S. Coppola, S. Froio, G. Merli, D. Chiumello. - In: MINERVA ANESTESIOLOGICA. - ISSN 1827-1596. - 81:12(2015 Dec), pp. 1346-1358.

Maxillofacial trauma in the emergency department : pearls and pitfalls in airway management

S. Coppola;S. Froio;D. Chiumello
2015-12

Abstract

Maxillofacial trauma poses a challenge for the anesthesiologist because injuries can often compromise the patient's airways. Airway maintenance is the first step in the American College of Surgeons Advance Trauma Life Support (ATLS®) protocol. However, clinical dilemmas may arise about the best way to manage a potentially life-threatening injury. There are no recommendations about the best time to intubate, the warning signs for deciding to intubate, or which device should be used when difficulty is expected. In this context the ATLS® approach is important but not sufficient. It is also necessary to recognize and be able to manage specific problems in this scenario where clinical priorities may be conflicting, may suddenly change or may be hidden. This clinical review discusses the complexity of this scenario, providing an overview of the conditions at greatest risk for airway obstruction and the options for airway management, on the basis of the recent literature. Clinicians must recognize the milestones and pitfalls of this topic in order to adopt a systematic approach for airway management, to identify specific characteristics associated with it, and to establish the utility of different instruments for airway management.
Airway Management; Airway Obstruction; Emergency Service, Hospital; Humans; Maxillofacial Injuries
Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia
http://www.minervamedica.it/it/riviste/minerva-anestesiologica/articolo.php?cod=R02Y2015N12A1346
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/512730
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