In the last decade several studies have been performed to evaluate the clinical outcome of implants inserted into grafted mandibles with autologous bone, but none is available on mandibles grafted with fresh-frozen bone. Thus, we planned a retrospective study on a series of implants inserted into homologue fresh-frozen bone to evaluate their clinical outcome. Twenty-one patients were operated on, 28 onlay grafts were inserted into the mandible, and 63 implants placed. Patients had total and partial edentulism in 11 and 10 cases, respectively. The mean follow-up was 20 months. No or reduced crestal bone resorption was considered an indicator of success rate to evaluate the effect of several host-, implant-, and occlusal-related factors. The difference between the implant-abutment junction and the bone crestal level was defined as the implant abutment junction (IAJ) and calculated at the time of operation and during follow-up by means of radiographs. Delta IAJ, the difference between the IAJ at the last check-up and the IAJ recorded just after the operation, were stratified according to variables of interests. Kaplan-Meier algorithm and Cox regression were then performed to detect those variables statistically associated with the delta IAJ. Only 2 of 63 implants were lost (i.e., survival rates = 96.8%) and no differences were detected among the studied variables. On the contrary, Cox regression showed that prosthetic restoration (i.e., removable dentures) was the only factor correlated with a statistically significant lower delta IAJ (i.e., reduced crestal bone loss) and thus a better clinical outcome. Implants inserted into mandibles grafted with fresh-frozen bone allografts have high survival rates and success rate, which are comparable with those obtained with autologous iliac crest bone grafts.
|Titolo:||Mandibles grafted with fresh-frozen bone: an evaluation of implant outcome|
STROHMENGER, LAURA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Kaplan-Meier algorithm; Cox regression; iliac crest; allograft; homograft; implant; lower jaw|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/ID.0b013e318192cbbe|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|