Immune tolerance induction (ITI) eradicates inhibitors in patients with hemophilia A. This study was designed to investigate the success rate of ITI in high-responding inhibitor patients with severe hemophilia A using recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII). Twenty-six patients received different ITI regimens until a normal recovery (&rt; 66%) and half-life (&rt; 6 h) of infused FVIII was achieved. In order to maximize the chance of success, the initiation of ITI was deferred in the majority of patients until the inhibitor declined to < 10 BU. Twenty-two patients (85%) had baseline inhibitor levels < 10 BU (median 2.3 BU) when ITI began. Within a median of 6 months, immune tolerance was achieved in 19 of 26 patients (73%) including 12/17 (70%) with intron 22 inversion, 5/7 (71%) with other null mutations and two with small deletion/insertions in the F8 gene. In conclusion, recombinant FVIII induces a high rate of immune tolerance even in carriers of null F8 mutations.
|Titolo:||Immune tolerance induction with recombinant factor VIII in hemophilia A patients with high responding inhibitors|
MANCUSO, MARIA ELISA (Penultimo)
MANNUCCI, PIER MANNUCCIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||FVIII inhibitors; Hemophilia A; Immune tolerance induction|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|