Background: Polycystic-ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a reproductive illness charac- terized by hyperandrogenism and anovulation. Using hyperandrogenized mice, it was demonstrated that the oral administration of incremental dose of follicle stimu- lating hormone (FSH) attenuated some of PCOS characteristics. This work aimed to study the effect of ultra-low doses of combined FSH and progesterone orally admin- istered on PCOS murine model. Moreover, the effect of sequential kinetic activation of administered hormones was tested. Methods: Thirty-two female mice were used as animal model (four groups of eight animals each). Mice were hyperandrogenized by injection of dehyidroepiandro- sterone diluted in sesame oil. Control group received only oil. Simultaneously, each animal daily received per os an activated or a not-activated combination of FSH (0.44 pg) plus progesterone (0.44 pg) or saline solution as control. Serum testos- terone, estradiol, progesterone and luteinizing hormone were analyzed as endocrine markers and a morphological study of antral follicle was conducted. Data were ana- lyzed by one-way ANOVA, followed by multiple comparison test. The p<0.05 was considered significant. Results: Dehyidroepiandrosterone treatment increased both estradiol and progester- one serum levels, besides testosterone, while reduced luteinizing hormone (p<0.05); histological examination revealed an increase of cystic follicles (p<0.05). Irrespec- tive of activation, the combined FSH and progesterone treatments restored estradiol level (p>0.05 vs. control group) and reduced cystic signs in the follicles (p<0.05 vs. dehyidroepiandrosterone treatment). Conclusion: This study indicate that ultra-low doses of FSH and progesterone orally administrated can reduce the sternness of PCOS in the mouse model and open a route for the study of innovative approaches for PCOS treatment.
Ultra-low Doses of Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Progesterone Attenuate the Severity of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Features in a Hyperandrogenized Mouse Model / I. Tessaro, S.C. Modina, V. Lodde, G. Sivelli, F. Franciosi, L. Terzaghi, P. Luchini, C. Rumio, A.M. Luciano. - In: JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTION AND INFERTILITY. - ISSN 2228-5482. - 18:3(2017 Sep), pp. 288-297.
|Titolo:||Ultra-low Doses of Follicle Stimulating Hormone and Progesterone Attenuate the Severity of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Features in a Hyperandrogenized Mouse Model|
TESSARO, IRENE (Primo)
MODINA, SILVIA CLOTILDE BIANCA (Secondo)
RUMIO, CRISTIANO (Penultimo)
LUCIANO, ALBERTO MARIA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||follicle cyst FSH; mouse; polycystic ovary syndrome; progesterone; sequential kinetic activation; ultra-low dose|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|