The recent increase in multidrug resistance against bacterial infections has become a major concern to human health and global food security. Synthetic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have recently received substantial attention as potential alternatives to conventional antibiotics because of their potent broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. These peptides have also been implicated in plant disease control for replacing conventional treatment methods that are polluting and hazardous to the environment and to human health. Here, we report de novo design and antimicrobial studies of VG16, a 16-residue active fragment of Dengue virus fusion peptide. Our results reveal that VG16KRKP, a non-toxic and non-hemolytic analogue of VG16, shows significant antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative E. coli and plant pathogens X. oryzae and X. campestris, as well as against human fungal pathogens C. albicans and C. grubii. VG16KRKP is also capable of inhibiting bacterial disease progression in plants. The solution-NMR structure of VG16KRKP in lipopolysaccharide features a folded conformation with a centrally located turn-type structure stabilized by aromatic-aromatic packing interactions with extended N-and C-termini. The de novo design of VG16KRKP provides valuable insights into the development of more potent antibacterial and antiendotoxic peptides for the treatment of human and plant infections.
Antimicrobial peptides : insights into membrane permeabilization, lipopolysaccharide fragmentation and application in plant disease control / A. Datta, A. Ghosh, C. Airoldi, P. Sperandeo, K.H. Mroue, J. Jimenez-Barbero, P. Kundu, A. Ramamoorthy, A. Bhunia. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 5:1(2015 Jul 06), pp. 11951.1-11951.15.
|Titolo:||Antimicrobial peptides : insights into membrane permeabilization, lipopolysaccharide fragmentation and application in plant disease control|
|Parole Chiave:||Amino Acid Sequence; Anti-Infective Agents; Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides; Calorimetry; Candida; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell Survival; Cell Wall; Dengue Virus; Escherichia coli; Hemolysis; Humans; Lipopolysaccharides; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; Molecular Sequence Data; Oryza; Plant Diseases; Protein Binding; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Xanthomonas; Multidisciplinary|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||6-lug-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep11951|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|