Introduction: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and preeclampsia (PE) are pregnancy disorders characterized by placental insufficiency with oxygen/nutrient restriction and oxidative stress, all influencing mitochondria functionality and number. Moreover, IUGR and PE fetuses are predisposed to diseases later in life, and this might occur through epigenetic alterations. Here we analyze content and methylation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), for the first time in IUGR and PE singleton fetuses, to identify possible alterations in mtDNA levels and/or epigenetic control of mitochondrial loci relevant to replication (D-loop) and functionality (mt-TF/RNR1: protein synthesis, mt-CO1: respiratory chain complex). Methods: We studied 35 term and 8 preterm control, 31 IUGR, 17 PE/IUGR and 17 PE human singleton pregnancies with elective cesarean delivery. Fetal cord blood was collected and evaluated for biochemical parameters. Extracted DNA was subjected to Real-time PCR to assess mtDNA content and analyzed for D-loop, mt-TF/RNR1 and mt-CO1 methylation by bisulfite conversion and pyrosequencing. Results: mtDNA levels were increased in all pathologic groups compared to controls. Mitochondrial loci showed very low methylation levels in all samples; D-loop methylation was further decreased in the most severe cases and associated to umbilical vein pO2. mt-CO1 methylation levels inversely correlated to mtDNA content. Discussion: Increased mtDNA levels in IUGR, PE/IUGR and PE cord blood may denote a fetal response to placental insufficiency. Hypomethylation of D-loop, mt-TF/RNR1 and mt-CO1 loci confirms their relevance in pregnancy.
Mitochondrial DNA content and methylation in fetal cord blood of pregnancies with placental insufficiency / C. Novielli, C. Mandò, S. Tabano, G.M. Anelli, L. Fontana, P. Antonazzo, M. Miozzo, I. Cetin. - In: PLACENTA. - ISSN 0143-4004. - 55(2017 Jul), pp. 63-70.
|Titolo:||Mitochondrial DNA content and methylation in fetal cord blood of pregnancies with placental insufficiency|
NOVIELLI, CHIARA (Primo)
CETIN, IRENE (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||mitochondria; methylation; cord blood; intrauterine growth restriction; preeclampsia|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia|
Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.placenta.2017.05.008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|