Several studies have demonstrated that the obesity-related hyposomatropism is usually reversible after a consistent weight loss induced by diet and/or bariatric surgery. Recently, a single bout of respiratory muscle endurance training (RMET) by means of a specific commercially available device (Spiro Tiger®) has been reported to induce a marked GH response in obese adults, its GH-releasing effect being significantly lower in obese adolescents. The GH response disappeared in both obese adults and adolescents when RMET was repeated at 2-h intervals in-between. The aim of the present study was to evaluate GH responses to repeated bouts of RMET administered before and after a 3-week in-hospital multidisciplinary body weight reduction program (entailing energy-restricted diet, 90 min/daily aerobic physical activity, psychological counseling, and nutritional education) combined with a progressively increasing RMET (15 daily sessions, 5 sessions per week) in 7 obese male adolescents [age: 12-17 years; body mass index (BMI): 38.5±3.1 kg/m2; percent fat mass (FM): 37.0±2.0%]. Blood samplings for GH determinations were collected during the 1st and 15th sessions, which were composed of 2 consecutive bouts of RMET (of identical intensity and duration) at 2-h interval in-between. At the beginning of the study, baseline GH levels significantly increased after the first bout of RMET in all subjects (p<0.05). The administration of the second bout of RMET resulted in a significantly lower (p<0.05) GH increase in comparison with the first one. Three weeks of the integrated intervention significantly reduced both body weight (from 115.3±9.2 kg to 111.5±8.7 kg, p<0.05) and FM (from 43.1±5.7 kg to 41.9±5.3 kg, p<0.05), these combined effects being, however, not sufficient to influence GH responsiveness to the 2 repeated bouts of RMET (GH peaks to the first bout: 4.8±1.6 ng/ml vs. 4.8±1.6 ng/ml; GH peaks to the second bout: 0.9±0.2 ng/ml vs. 1.1±0.1 ng/ml, before and after 3 weeks of the treatment, respectively, p=NS). In conclusion, a 3-week incremental RMET combined with a body weight reduction intervention does not seem useful to positively influence the reduced GH responsiveness to 2 repeated RMET bouts in obese adolescents. More intensive and/or long-term RMET protocols, associated with energy-restricted diets, determining more consistent changes in body composition, are likely needed to restore the impaired GH-IGF-1 function of obese adolescents.© 2014 Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart. New York.
GH Responsiveness before and after a 3-Week Multidisciplinary Body Weight Reduction Program Associated with an Incremental Respiratory Muscle Endurance Training in Obese Adolescents / A.E. Rigamonti, F. Agosti, A. Patrizi, G. Tringali, R. Fessehatsion, S.G. Cella, A. Sartorio. - In: HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0018-5043. - 46:1(2014), pp. 59-64.
|Titolo:||GH Responsiveness before and after a 3-Week Multidisciplinary Body Weight Reduction Program Associated with an Incremental Respiratory Muscle Endurance Training in Obese Adolescents|
RIGAMONTI, ANTONELLO EMILIO (Corresponding)
CELLA, SILVANO GABRIELE (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||energy-restricted diet; GH; obesity; repeated bouts; respiratory muscle Âendurance training; weight loss; Adolescent; Adult; Body Composition; Growth Hormone; Humans; Interdisciplinary Communication; Lactates; Male; Obesity; Spirometry; Weight Reduction Programs; Body Weight; Breathing Exercises; Physical Endurance; Biochemistry; Endocrinology; Clinical Biochemistry; Biochemistry (medical); Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1354403|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|