Flowering is the result of the coordination between genetic information and environmental cues. Gene regulatory networks have evolved in plants in order to measure diurnal and seasonal variation of day length (or photoperiod), thus aligning the reproductive phase with the most favorable season of the year. The capacity of plants to discriminate distinct photoperiods classifies them into long and short day species, depending on the conditions that induce flowering. Plants of tropical origin and adapted to short day lengths include rice, maize, and sorghum, whereas wheat and barley were originally domesticated in the Fertile Crescent and are considered long day species. In these and other crops, day length measurement mechanisms have been artificially modified during domestication and breeding to adapt plants to novel areas, to the extent that a wide diversity of responses exists within any given species. Notwithstanding the ample natural and artificial variation of day length responses, some of the basic molecular elements governing photoperiodic flowering are widely conserved. However, as our understanding of the underlying mechanisms improves, it becomes evident that specific regulators exist in many lineages that are not shared by others, while apparently conserved components can be recruited to novel functions during evolution.
The Importance of Being on Time : Regulatory Networks Controlling Photoperiodic Flowering in Cereals / V. Brambilla, J. Gomez-Ariza, M. Cerise, F. Fornara. - In: FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1664-462X. - 8(2017 Apr 26), pp. 665.1-665.8.
|Titolo:||The Importance of Being on Time : Regulatory Networks Controlling Photoperiodic Flowering in Cereals|
BRAMBILLA, VITTORIA FRANCESCA (Primo)
GOMEZ ARIZA, JORGE (Secondo)
CERISE, MARTINA (Penultimo)
FORNARA, FABIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||cereals; florigen; flowering; gene regulatory network; photoperiod|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/01 - Botanica Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||26-apr-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2017.00665|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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