We studied the expression and the hormonal regulation of the PDS gene product, pendrin, which is, in thyrocytes, responsible for the iodide transport out of the cell. We show that PC C13 cells, a fully differentiated thyroid cell line, grown without TSH and insulin, express very low level of PDS mRNA; such expression is greatly increased after stimulation with insulin or TSH. 125I pre-loaded cells showed an 125I efflux accelerated in chloride-containing buffer with respect to chloride-free buffer, suggesting that this efflux is chloride dependent. By immunoblotting, pendrin was found in agonists-stimulated cells, whereas it was barely detectable in un-stimulated cells. An increase in both PDS mRNA and protein was also obtained using phorbol ester PMA, or using 8-Br-cAMP and forskolin. Stimulation with insulin (1 μg/ml; 0-40 min) provoked the cytosol-to-membrane translocation of pendrin and a decrease of intracellular I- content in 125I pre-loaded cells. Insulin- or PMA-treated cells also showed a cytosol-to-membrane translocation of PKC-δ and -ε. Inhibition of both PKC-δ and -ε activities by GF109203X blocked pendrin translocation, whilst the inhibition of PKA did not. The selective inhibition of PKC-δ by rottlerin did not affect the insulin-provoked translocation of pendrin whilst it was inhibited by a PKC-ε translocation inhibitor peptide and also by PKC-ε downregulation using the small interfering RNA, thus indicating that such translocation was due to PKC-ε activity. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that, in PC C13 cells, pendrin expression and localisation are regulated by insulin and influenced by a PKC-ε-dependent intracellular pathway.
|Titolo:||PKC-epsilon-dependent cytosol-to-membrane translocation of pendrin in rat thyroid PC Cl3 cells|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/jcp.21478|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|