The isospin characters of low-energy dipole excitations in neutron-rich unstable nucleus 20O were investigated, for the first time in unstable nuclei. Two spectra obtained from a dominant isovector probe (O20+Au) and a dominant isoscalar probe (O20+α) were compared and analyzed by the distorted-wave Born approximation to extract independently the isovector and isoscalar dipole strengths. Two known 1− states with large isovector dipole strengths at energies of 5.36(5) MeV (11−) and 6.84(7) MeV (12−) were also excited by the isoscalar probe. These two states were found to have different isoscalar dipole strengths, 2.70(32)% (11−) and 0.67(12)% (12−), respectively, in exhaustion of the isoscalar dipole-energy-weighted sum rule. The difference in isoscalar strength indicated that they have different underlying structures.
Observation of isoscalar and isovector dipole excitations in neutron-rich 20 O / N. Nakatsuka, H. Baba, T. Aumann, R. Avigo, S.R. Banerjee, A. Bracco, C. Caesar, F. Camera, S. Ceruti, S. Chen, V. Derya, P. Doornenbal, A. Giaz, A. Horvat, K. Ieki, T. Inakura, N. Imai, T. Kawabata, N. Kobayashi, Y. Kondo, S. Koyama, M. Kurata-Nishimura, S. Masuoka, M. Matsushita, S. Michimasa, B. Million, T. Motobayashi, T. Murakami, T. Nakamura, T. Ohnishi, H.J. Ong, S. Ota, H. Otsu, T. Ozaki, A. Saito, H. Sakurai, H. Scheit, F. Schindler, P. Schrock, Y. Shiga, M. Shikata, S. Shimoura, D. Steppenbeck, T. Sumikama, I. Syndikus, H. Takeda, S. Takeuchi, A. Tamii, R. Taniuchi, Y. Togano, J. Tscheuschner, J. Tsubota, H. Wang, O. Wieland, K. Wimmer, Y. Yamaguchi, K. Yoneda, J. Zenihiro. - In: PHYSICS LETTERS. SECTION B. - ISSN 0370-2693. - 768(2017 May 10), pp. 387-392.
|Titolo:||Observation of isoscalar and isovector dipole excitations in neutron-rich 20 O|
|Parole Chiave:||inelastic α scattering; low-energy dipole excitation; O20; virtual-photon excitation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||10-mag-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2017.03.017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|