We review several experimental and theoretical advances that emphasize common aspects of the study of spinsinglet, T = 1, and spintriplet, T = 0, pairing correlations in nuclei. We first discuss various empirical evidence of the special role played by the T = 1 pairing interaction. In particular, we show the peculiar features of the nuclear pairing interaction in the lowdensity regime, and possible outcomes such as the BCSBEC crossover in nuclear matter and, in an analogous way, in loosely bound nuclei. We then move to the competition between T = 1 and T = 0 pairing correlations. The effect of such competition on the lowlying spectra is studied in N = Z oddodd nuclei by using a threebody model; in this case, it is shown that the inversion of the and states near the ground state, and the strong magnetic dipole transitions between them, can be considered as a clear manifestation of strong T = 0 pairing correlations in these nuclei. The effect of T = 0 pairing correlations is also quite evident if one studies chargechanging transitions. The GamowTeller (GT) states in nuclei are studied here by using selfconsistent HartreeFockBogoliubov (HFB) plus quasiparticle randomphase approximation calculations in which the T = 0 pairing interaction is taken into account. Strong GT states are found, near the ground state of daughter nuclei; these are compared with available experimental data from chargeexchange reactions, and such comparison can pinpoint the value of the strength of the T = 0 interaction. Pair transfer reactions are eventually discussed. While twoneutron transfer has long been proposed as a tool to measure the T = 1 superfluidity in the nuclear ground states, the study of deuteron transfer is still in its infancy, despite its potential interest for revealing effects coming from both T = 1 and T = 0 interactions. We also point out that the reaction mechanism may mask the strong pair transfer amplitudes predicted by the HFB calculations, because of the complexity arising from simultaneous and sequential pair transfer processes.
Isovector spinsinglet (T = 1, S = 0) and isoscalar spintriplet (T = 0, S = 1) pairing interactions and spinisospin response / H. Sagawa, C.L. Bai, G. Colo.  In: PHYSICA SCRIPTA.  ISSN 00318949.  91:8(2016), pp. 083011.1083011.23.
Isovector spinsinglet (T = 1, S = 0) and isoscalar spintriplet (T = 0, S = 1) pairing interactions and spinisospin response
G. Colo^{Ultimo}
2016
Abstract
We review several experimental and theoretical advances that emphasize common aspects of the study of spinsinglet, T = 1, and spintriplet, T = 0, pairing correlations in nuclei. We first discuss various empirical evidence of the special role played by the T = 1 pairing interaction. In particular, we show the peculiar features of the nuclear pairing interaction in the lowdensity regime, and possible outcomes such as the BCSBEC crossover in nuclear matter and, in an analogous way, in loosely bound nuclei. We then move to the competition between T = 1 and T = 0 pairing correlations. The effect of such competition on the lowlying spectra is studied in N = Z oddodd nuclei by using a threebody model; in this case, it is shown that the inversion of the and states near the ground state, and the strong magnetic dipole transitions between them, can be considered as a clear manifestation of strong T = 0 pairing correlations in these nuclei. The effect of T = 0 pairing correlations is also quite evident if one studies chargechanging transitions. The GamowTeller (GT) states in nuclei are studied here by using selfconsistent HartreeFockBogoliubov (HFB) plus quasiparticle randomphase approximation calculations in which the T = 0 pairing interaction is taken into account. Strong GT states are found, near the ground state of daughter nuclei; these are compared with available experimental data from chargeexchange reactions, and such comparison can pinpoint the value of the strength of the T = 0 interaction. Pair transfer reactions are eventually discussed. While twoneutron transfer has long been proposed as a tool to measure the T = 1 superfluidity in the nuclear ground states, the study of deuteron transfer is still in its infancy, despite its potential interest for revealing effects coming from both T = 1 and T = 0 interactions. We also point out that the reaction mechanism may mask the strong pair transfer amplitudes predicted by the HFB calculations, because of the complexity arising from simultaneous and sequential pair transfer processes.File  Dimensione  Formato  

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