Since 2005, sex determining region y-box 2 (SOX2) has drawn the attention of the scientific community for being one of the key transcription factors responsible for pluripotency induction in somatic stem cells. Our research investigated the turnover regulation of SOX2 mRNA in human adipose-derived stem cells, considered one of the most valuable sources of somatic stem cells in regenerative medicine. Mitoxantrone is a drug that acts on nucleic acids primarily used to treat certain types of cancer and was recently shown to ameliorate the outcome of autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis. In addition, mitoxantrone has been shown to inhibit the binding of human antigen R (HuR) RNA-binding protein to tumor necrosis factor-A mRNA. Our results show that HuR binds to the 39-untranslated region of SOX2 mRNA together with the RNAinduced silencing complex miR145. The HuR binding works by stabilizing the interaction between the 39-untranslated region and the RNA-induced silencing complex. Cell exposure to mitoxantrone leads to HuR detachment and the subsequent prolongation of the SOX2 mRNA half-life. The prolonged SOX2 half-life allows improvement of the spheroid-forming capability of the adipose-derived stem cells. The silencing of HuR confirmed the above observations and illustrates how the RNA-binding protein HuR may be a required molecule for regulation of SOX2 mRNA decay.
Human antigen r binding and regulation of SOX2 mRNA in human mesenchymal stem cells / E. Latorre, S. Carelli, F. Caremoli, T. Giallongo, M. Colli, A. Canazza, A. Provenzani, A.M. Di Giulio, A. Gorio. - In: MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0026-895X. - 89:2(2016 Feb), pp. 243-252.
|Titolo:||Human antigen r binding and regulation of SOX2 mRNA in human mesenchymal stem cells|
LATORRE, ELISA (Primo)
DI GIULIO, ANNA MARIA (Penultimo)
GORIO, ALFREDO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||cells, cultured; elav-like protein 1; female; humans; male; mesenchymal stromal cells; protein binding; rna, messenger; soxb1 transcription factors; medicine (all); molecular medicine; pharmacology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/mol.115.100701|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|