Liquid dairy manure is a major organic input to cultivated soils. Therefore, a method for monitoring the mineralisation of slurries should be a useful tool for managing soil fertilisation. In order to examine whether the biodegradation of cattle sludge can be monitored by near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy, soil samples from a laboratory incubation experiment were analysed using this rapid and inexpensive method. Five different cattle slurries were added to three soils with increasing clay content in such an amount as to give 130 ppm of total nitrogen. The resulting 18 experimental treatments (three control soils and 15 soil–slurry combinations) were incubated for 180 days under optimal temperature and soil water content. Each treatment was sampled at 0, 2, 8, 12, 16, 21, 29, 41, 72, 121 and 180 days: the respired CO2 was captured in alkali traps and mineral N was extracted using 1 M KCl. Three replicates of each sampling were analysed individually. The resulting 648 samples, air dried and ground at 0.5 mm, were analysed by NIR spectroscopy using an Antaris (Thermo Nicolet) Fourier transform-NIR spectrometer. Although the slurries and soil mineralised carbon represent only a very small part of the total soil organic carbon, the mineralisation of carbon can be clearly monitored by NIR spectroscopy in both amended and unamended soils. Whereas NO3–N evolution was difficult to predict using NIR data, the results for NH4–N were more encouraging. Using measurements of CO2–C respired, a two-pool mineralisation model was developed and the simulated concentration of carbon pools in the soils were used for the development of NIR equations. The results obtained in this work have demonstrated that NIR is a useful tool for monitoring the carbon mineralisation process when cattle sludge is incorporated into agricultural soils.
|Titolo:||Near infrared monitoring of mineralisation of liquid dairy manure in agricultural soils|
|Parole Chiave:||soil ; organic matter ; liquid dairy manure ; mineralisation , microbial respiration ; ammonium|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/02 - Agronomia e Coltivazioni Erbacee|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1255/jnirs.762|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|