Aims To assess whether analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) from 24 h Hotter recordings provides information about the mode of death (pump failure vs. sudden death) in chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods and results We analysed 24 h HRV in 330 consecutive CHF patients in sinus rhythm. Indices derived from time domain, spectral domain, and fractal analyses of 24 h automatic HRV were evaluated. Data from clinical assessment, echocardiography, right heart catheterization, exercise test, blood biochemical examination, and arrhythmia pattern were analysed. Patients were followed up for 3 years. Two simple multivariabte models, both including 24 h spectral indices, were able to identify patients at higher risk of progressive pump failure and sudden death, respectively. Depressed power of night-time HRV (< 509 ms(2)) below 0.04 Hz [very low frequency (VLF)], high pulmonary wedge pressure (PWP > 18 mm Hg) and low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF &LE; 24%) were independently related to death for progressive pump failure, white the reduction of power between 0.04 and 0.15 Hz at night (LF &LE; 20 ms(2)) and increased left ventricular end-systotic diameter (LVESD &GE; 61 mm) were linked to sudden mortality. Conclusion Automatic spectral analysis of 24 h HRV provides independent risk indices related to mode of death in sinus rhythm CHIF patients.
Different spectral components of 24 h heart rate variability are related to different modes of death in chronic heart failure / S. Guzzetti, M.T. La Rovere, G.D. Pinna, R. Maestri, E. Borroni, A. Porta, A. Mortara, A. Malliani. - In: EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL. - ISSN 0195-668X. - 26:4(2005), pp. 357-362.
|Titolo:||Different spectral components of 24 h heart rate variability are related to different modes of death in chronic heart failure|
MALLIANI, ALBERTO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Autonomic nervous system; Heart failure; Heart rate variability; Progressive pump failure; Sudden death|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
Settore ING-INF/06 - Bioingegneria Elettronica e Informatica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehi067|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|