The record history of running, swimming and ice-skating, over various distances, was analyzed. A mean period of about 66 years for the 18 male events and of about 50 years for the 14 female events was studied. Over a given distance the velocity (v) was related to the dates of the records minus 1900 (T) according to polynomial functions like: Mathematical expression In 21 out of the 32 events equations of first or second degree fitted the experimental data. The mean correlation coefficient was 0.979±0.019 (± S.D.). The ratio between predicted (v1p) and actual value (v1) of the last records was 0.999±0.010. For T corresponding to v1 (T1), the rate of record growth was slowing down in 5 events. Hence up to June 1981 a tendency towards an asymptotic v was not yet a general phenomenon. At T1 the range of the relative rate of increase of v (dvp/dT·(v1p) was 0.9·10-3 per year (800 m - female running) and 12.4·10-3 per year (800 m - female swimming). dv/dT·(v1p) in swimming and skating was similar in both sexes but 4 times faster than in male running. Less marked differences were found for female running. A lowering of the cost of transport was probably the main reason of the fast growth of swimming and skating records. The numerical constants calculated from linear regression of v versus the time of the races over different distances did not seem to have a clear physiological meaning, as reported in the previous literature. © 1982 Springer-Verlag.
An analysis of world records in three types of locomotion / P. Mognoni, C. Lafortuna, G. Russo, A. Minetti. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY AND OCCUPATIONAL PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0301-5548. - 49:3(1982), pp. 287-299.
|Titolo:||An analysis of world records in three types of locomotion|
RUSSO, GIOVANNA (Penultimo)
MINETTI, ALBERTO ENRICO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cost of locomotion; Male and female performances; Running records; Skating records; Swimming records; Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health; Physiology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1982|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00441290|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|