AIM: We estimated the risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality associated with left ventricular geometric patterns, as defined by a new classification system proposed by the Dallas Heart Study, in 1716 representatives of the general population of Monza enrolled in the Pressioni Monitorate e Loro Associazioni (PAMELA) study. METHODS: Cut-points for abnormal left ventricular geometric patterns were derived from reference values of the healthy fraction of the PAMELA population by combining left ventricular mass (LVM) index, left ventricular diameter and relative wall thickness. Death certificates were collected over an average 211 months follow-up period. RESULTS: During follow-up, 89 fatal cardiovascular events and 264 all-cause deaths were recorded. Concentric remodelling was the most common left ventricular geometric abnormality (9.4%) followed by eccentric nondilated left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) (6.3%), concentric LVH (4.6%) and eccentric dilated LVH (3.5%). Compared with normal left ventricular geometry, concentric LVH [hazard ratio 2.20, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.44-3.37, P < 0.0003], eccentric dilated LVH (hazard ratio 1.90, 95% CI 1.17-3.08, P = 0.009) and eccentric nondilated LVH (hazard ratio 1.57, 95% CI 1.07-2.31, P = 0.02) predicted the risk of cardiovascular mortality, after adjustment for baseline covariates, including ambulatory blood pressure. Similar findings were observed for all-cause mortality. Only concentric LVH maintained a significant prognostic value for both outcomes after adjustment for baseline differences in LVM index. CONCLUSION: The new classification system of left ventricular geometric patterns may improve mortality risk stratification in a general population. The risk is markedly dependent on LVM values; only concentric LVH provides a prognostic information beyond that conveyed by cardiac mass.
Risk of mortality in relation to an updated classification of left ventricular geometric abnormalities in a general population : the PAMELA study / C. Cuspidi, R. Facchetti, M. Bombelli, C. Sala, M. Tadic, G. Grassi, G. Mancia. - In: JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION. - ISSN 0263-6352. - 33:10(2015), pp. 2133-2140.
|Titolo:||Risk of mortality in relation to an updated classification of left ventricular geometric abnormalities in a general population : the PAMELA study|
|Parole Chiave:||cardiovascular mortality; general population; left ventricular geometric patterns|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000000658|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|