Background Evidence supports the use of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) as a platform for active reconditioning before transplantation to increase the potential donor pool and to reduce the incidence of primary graft dysfunction. A promising reconditioning strategy is the administration of inhaled noble gases based on their organoprotective effects. Our aim was to validate a porcine warm ischemic lung injury model and investigate postconditioning with argon (Ar) or xenon (Xe) during prolonged EVLP. Methods Domestic pigs were divided in four groups (n = 5 per group). In the negative control group, lungs were flushed immediately. In the positive control (PC) and treatment (Ar, Xe) groups, lungs were flushed after a warm ischemic interval of 2-h in situ. All grafts were evaluated and treated during normothermic EVLP for 6 h. In the control groups, lungs were ventilated with 70% N2/30% O2 and in the treatment groups with 70% Ar/30% O2 or 70% Xe/30% O2, respectively. Outcome parameters were physiological variables (pulmonary vascular resistance, peak airway pressures, and PaO2/FiO2), histology, wet-to-dry weight ratio, bronchoalveolar lavage, and computed tomography scan. Results A significant difference between negative control and PC for pulmonary vascular resistance, peak airway pressures, PaO2/FiO2, wet-to-dry weight ratio, histology, and computed tomography-imaging was observed. No significant differences between the injury group (PC) and the treatment groups (Ar, Xe) were found. Conclusions We validated a reproducible prolonged 6-h EVLP model with 2 h of warm ischemia and described the physiological changes over time. In this model, ventilation during EVLP with Ar or Xe administered postinjury did not improve graft function.

Argon and xenon ventilation during prolonged ex vivo lung perfusion / A. Martens, M. Montoli, G. Faggi, I. Katz, J. Pype, B.M. Vanaudenaerde, D.E.M. Van Raemdonck, A.P. Neyrinck. - In: JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-4804. - 201:1(2016), pp. 44-52. [10.1016/j.jss.2015.10.007]

Argon and xenon ventilation during prolonged ex vivo lung perfusion

M. Montoli
Secondo
;
2016

Abstract

Background Evidence supports the use of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) as a platform for active reconditioning before transplantation to increase the potential donor pool and to reduce the incidence of primary graft dysfunction. A promising reconditioning strategy is the administration of inhaled noble gases based on their organoprotective effects. Our aim was to validate a porcine warm ischemic lung injury model and investigate postconditioning with argon (Ar) or xenon (Xe) during prolonged EVLP. Methods Domestic pigs were divided in four groups (n = 5 per group). In the negative control group, lungs were flushed immediately. In the positive control (PC) and treatment (Ar, Xe) groups, lungs were flushed after a warm ischemic interval of 2-h in situ. All grafts were evaluated and treated during normothermic EVLP for 6 h. In the control groups, lungs were ventilated with 70% N2/30% O2 and in the treatment groups with 70% Ar/30% O2 or 70% Xe/30% O2, respectively. Outcome parameters were physiological variables (pulmonary vascular resistance, peak airway pressures, and PaO2/FiO2), histology, wet-to-dry weight ratio, bronchoalveolar lavage, and computed tomography scan. Results A significant difference between negative control and PC for pulmonary vascular resistance, peak airway pressures, PaO2/FiO2, wet-to-dry weight ratio, histology, and computed tomography-imaging was observed. No significant differences between the injury group (PC) and the treatment groups (Ar, Xe) were found. Conclusions We validated a reproducible prolonged 6-h EVLP model with 2 h of warm ischemia and described the physiological changes over time. In this model, ventilation during EVLP with Ar or Xe administered postinjury did not improve graft function.
Argon; Ex vivo lung perfusion; Ischemia-reperfusion injury; Lung transplantation; Noble gases; Xenon; Animals; Swine; Warm Ischemia; Argon; Lung Transplantation; Perfusion; Respiration, Artificial; Xenon
Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/493921
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