Cryoconite holes, that is, small ponds that form on glacier surface, are considered the most biologically active environments on glaciers. Bacterial communities in these environments have been extensively studied, but often through snapshot studies based on the assumption of a general stability of community structure. In this study, the temporal variation of bacterial communities in cryoconite holes on the Forni Glacier (Italian Alps) was investigated by high throughput DNA sequencing. A temporal change of bacterial communities was observed with autotrophic Cyanobacteria populations dominating communities after snowmelt, and heterotrophic Sphingobacteriales populations increasing in abundance later in the season. Bacterial communities also varied according to hole depth and area, amount of organic matter in the cryoconite and oxygen concentration. However, variation in environmental features explained a lower fraction of the variation in bacterial communities than temporal variation. Temporal change along ablation season seems therefore more important than local environmental conditions in shaping bacterial communities of cryoconite of the Forni Glacier. These findings challenge the assumption that bacterial communities of cryoconite holes are stable.

Temporal variability of bacterial communities in cryoconite on an alpine glacier / A. Franzetti, F. Navarra, I. Tagliaferri, I. Gandolfi, G. Bestetti, U. Minora, R.S. Azzoni, G. Diolaiuti, C. Smiraglia, R. Ambrosini. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY REPORTS. - ISSN 1758-2229. - 9:2(2017), pp. 71-78. [10.1111/1758-2229.12499]

Temporal variability of bacterial communities in cryoconite on an alpine glacier

R.S. Azzoni;G. Diolaiuti;C. Smiraglia
Penultimo
;
R. Ambrosini
2017

Abstract

Cryoconite holes, that is, small ponds that form on glacier surface, are considered the most biologically active environments on glaciers. Bacterial communities in these environments have been extensively studied, but often through snapshot studies based on the assumption of a general stability of community structure. In this study, the temporal variation of bacterial communities in cryoconite holes on the Forni Glacier (Italian Alps) was investigated by high throughput DNA sequencing. A temporal change of bacterial communities was observed with autotrophic Cyanobacteria populations dominating communities after snowmelt, and heterotrophic Sphingobacteriales populations increasing in abundance later in the season. Bacterial communities also varied according to hole depth and area, amount of organic matter in the cryoconite and oxygen concentration. However, variation in environmental features explained a lower fraction of the variation in bacterial communities than temporal variation. Temporal change along ablation season seems therefore more important than local environmental conditions in shaping bacterial communities of cryoconite of the Forni Glacier. These findings challenge the assumption that bacterial communities of cryoconite holes are stable.
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Settore GEO/04 - Geografia Fisica e Geomorfologia
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale
2017
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1758-2229
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/491613
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