High-temperature pretreatment plays a key role in the anaerobic digestion of food waste (FW). However, the suitable temperature is not yet determined. In this work, a long-term experiment was conducted to compare hydrolysis, acidogenesis, acetogenesis, and hydrogen production at 55 °C and 70 °C, using real FW in CSTR reactors. The results obtained indicated that acidification was the rate-limiting step at both temperatures with similar process kinetics characterizations. However, the thermophilic pretreatment was more advantageous than the hyperthermophilic with suspended solids solubilization of 47.7% and 29.5% and total VFA vs. soluble COD ratio of 15.2% and 4.9%, for thermophilic and hyperthermophilic treatment, respectively, with a hydrolytic reaction time (HRT) of 10 days and an OLR of 14 kg COD/m3 d. Moreover, stable hydrogen yield (70.7 ml-H2/g VSin) and content in off gas (58.6%) was achieved at HRT 5 days, pH 5.5, and temperature of 55 °C, as opposed to 70 °C.
Bio-hydrolysis and bio-hydrogen production from food waste by thermophilic and hyperthermophilic anaerobic process / D.E. Algapani, W. Qiao, M. Su, F. di Pumpo, S.M. Wandera, F. Adani, R. Dong. - In: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-8524. - 216(2016), pp. 768-777.
|Titolo:||Bio-hydrolysis and bio-hydrogen production from food waste by thermophilic and hyperthermophilic anaerobic process|
ADANI, FABRIZIO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Bio-hydrogen; Bio-hydrolysis; Food waste; Hyperthermophilic; Thermophilic; Acids; Anaerobiosis; Batch Cell Culture Techniques; Bioreactors; Biotechnology; Hydrogen; Hydrolysis; Kinetics; Models, Theoretical; Time Factors; Biofuels; Food; Temperature; Waste Products; Bioengineering; Environmental Engineering; Waste Management and Disposal|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2016.06.016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|