The aim of this study was to develop a simple test for the assessment of islet graft dysfunction based on measures involving fasting C-peptide. Calculations were made to account for the dependence of C-peptide secretion on glucose concentration (C-peptide/glucose ratio [CP/G]) and adjusted for renal function by calculating the C-peptide/glucose-creatinine ratio (CP/GCr). Values from 22 recipients were analyzed at different times post-last islet infusion. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to determine which of these measures best predicts high 90-minute glucose (90 min-Glc; >10 mmol/L) after a Mixed Meal Tolerance Test (MMTT). In this initial analysis, CP/G was found to be superior predicting high 90 min-Glc with a larger area under the ROC curve than C-peptide (p = 0.01) and CP/GCr (p = 0.06). We then correlated C-peptide and CP/G with islet equivalents--IEQ/kg infused, 90 min-Glc after MMTT and clinical outcome (beta-score). C-peptide and CP/G in the first 3 months post-last islet infusion correlated with IEQ/kg infused. CP/G correlated with 90 min-Glc and beta-score. C-peptide and CP/G are good indicators of islet mass transplanted. CP/G is more indicative of graft dysfunction and clinical outcome than C-peptide alone. The ease of calculation and the good correlation with other tests makes this ratio a practical tool when monitoring and managing islet transplant recipients.
|Titolo:||Simple measures to monitor β-cell mass and assess islet graft dysfunction|
LUZI, LIVIO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||β-cell mass; C-peptide; Graft dysfunction; Insulin independence; Islet transplantation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||feb-2007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1600-6143.2006.01620.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|