Background & Aims: Excessive intestinal gas and liver steatosis are frequent sonographic findings. Both of these appear to be caused by variations of the gut microflora. We assessed the relationship between ultrasonographic detection of intestinal gas and liver steatosis. Methods: This study included 204 consecutive patients (99 male; mean age 53.0 ± 15.6 years), who underwent ultrasonography for abdominal complaints or follow-up of benign lesions. Body mass index, biochemical liver markers, sonographic presence of liver steatosis and/or degree of intestinal gas interfering with the examination were collected. Both sonographic findings were assessed based on standardized criteria. The association between liver steatosis and intestinal gas was evaluated by means of univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Eighty (39.2%) of patients showed moderate to large amounts of gas preventing an accurate evaluation of the liver or pancreas and 90 (44.1%) had liver steatosis. A significant correlation between the degree of intestinal gas and liver steatosis both in obese (r=.603; P<.001) and in nonobese patients (r=.555; P<.001) was found. Univariate analysis showed that intestinal gas, body mass index, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, gamma-GT, age and sex were predictors of liver steatosis; only intestinal gas (OR 7.4; 95% CI 3.4–16.1) and body mass index (OR; 1.4, 95% CI 1.2–1.5), however, were independent predictors at multivariate analysis. The presence of excessive gas was also significantly correlated with liver steatosis coupled with elevated ALT (P =.001). Conclusion: This study shows a significant correlation between excessive intestinal gas and liver steatosis. The reasons of this finding and its clinical implications remain to be defined.

Intestinal gas and liver steatosis: a casual association? A prospective multicentre assessment / G. Maconi, F. Furfaro, W. Fries, A. Dell'Era, C. Bezzio, G. Costantino, V. Giuliano, A. Alibrandi, T. Guzowski, G. Bassotti. - In: LIVER INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1478-3223. - 37:1(2017 Jan), pp. 141-147. [10.1111/liv.13198]

Intestinal gas and liver steatosis: a casual association? A prospective multicentre assessment

G. Maconi
;
F. Furfaro
Secondo
;
A. Dell'Era;C. Bezzio;
2017-01

Abstract

Background & Aims: Excessive intestinal gas and liver steatosis are frequent sonographic findings. Both of these appear to be caused by variations of the gut microflora. We assessed the relationship between ultrasonographic detection of intestinal gas and liver steatosis. Methods: This study included 204 consecutive patients (99 male; mean age 53.0 ± 15.6 years), who underwent ultrasonography for abdominal complaints or follow-up of benign lesions. Body mass index, biochemical liver markers, sonographic presence of liver steatosis and/or degree of intestinal gas interfering with the examination were collected. Both sonographic findings were assessed based on standardized criteria. The association between liver steatosis and intestinal gas was evaluated by means of univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Eighty (39.2%) of patients showed moderate to large amounts of gas preventing an accurate evaluation of the liver or pancreas and 90 (44.1%) had liver steatosis. A significant correlation between the degree of intestinal gas and liver steatosis both in obese (r=.603; P<.001) and in nonobese patients (r=.555; P<.001) was found. Univariate analysis showed that intestinal gas, body mass index, aspartate transaminase, alanine transaminase, gamma-GT, age and sex were predictors of liver steatosis; only intestinal gas (OR 7.4; 95% CI 3.4–16.1) and body mass index (OR; 1.4, 95% CI 1.2–1.5), however, were independent predictors at multivariate analysis. The presence of excessive gas was also significantly correlated with liver steatosis coupled with elevated ALT (P =.001). Conclusion: This study shows a significant correlation between excessive intestinal gas and liver steatosis. The reasons of this finding and its clinical implications remain to be defined.
bloating; intestinal gas; liver steatosis; transaminases; ultrasonography; Hepatology
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=1478-3223
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/484298
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