AIMS: Myopathy, characterized by mitochondrial oxidative stress, occurs in ∼10% of statin-treated patients, and a major risk exists with potent statins such as rosuvastatin (Rvs). We sought to determine whether a peculiar branched-chain amino acid-enriched mixture (BCAAem), found to improve mitochondrial function and reduce oxidative stress in muscle of middle-aged mice, was able to prevent Rvs myopathy. RESULTS: Dietary supplementation of BCAAem was able to prevent the structural and functional alterations of muscle induced by Rvs in young mice. Rvs-increased plasma 3-methylhistidine (a marker of muscular protein degradation) was prevented by BCAAem. This was obtained without changes of Rvs ability to reduce cholesterol and triglyceride levels in blood. Rather, BCAAem promotes de novo protein synthesis and reduces proteolysis in cultured myotubes. Morphological alterations of C2C12 cells induced by statin were counteracted by amino acids, as were the Rvs-increased atrogin-1 mRNA and protein levels. Moreover, BCAAem maintained mitochondrial mass and density and citrate synthase activity in skeletal muscle of Rvs-treated mice beside oxygen consumption and ATP levels in C2C12 cells exposed to statin. Notably, BCAAem assisted Rvs to reduce oxidative stress and to increase the anti-reactive oxygen species (ROS) defense system in skeletal muscle. Innovation and Conclusions: The complex interplay between proteostasis and antioxidant properties may underlie the mechanism by which a specific amino acid formula preserves mitochondrial efficiency and muscle health in Rvs-treated mice. Strategies aimed at promoting protein balance and controlling mitochondrial ROS level may be used as therapeutics for the treatment of muscular diseases involving mitochondrial dysfunction, such as statin myopathy.
A Peculiar Formula of Essential Amino Acids Prevents Rosuvastatin Myopathy in Mice / G. D'Antona, L. Tedesco, C. Ruocco, G. Corsetti, M. Ragni, A. Fossati, E. Saba, F. Fenaroli, M. Montinaro, M. Carruba, A. Valerio, E. Nisoli. - In: ANTIOXIDANTS & REDOX SIGNALING. - ISSN 1523-0864. - 25:11(2016 Oct 10), pp. 1-14.
|Titolo:||A Peculiar Formula of Essential Amino Acids Prevents Rosuvastatin Myopathy in Mice|
TEDESCO, LAURA ELSA MONICA (Secondo)
NISOLI, ENZO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||10-ott-2016|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ars.2015.6582|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|