The role of progenitor/stem cells in pituitary tumorigenesis, resistance to pharmacological treatments and tumor recurrence is still unclear. This study investigated the presence of progenitor/stem cells in non-functioning pituitary tumors (NFPTs) and tested the efficacy of dopamine receptor type 2 (DRD2) and somatostatin receptor type 2 (SSTR2) agonists to inhibit in vitro proliferation. They found that 70% of 46 NFPTs formed spheres co-expressing stem cell markers, transcription factors (DAX1, SF1, ERG1) and gonadotropins. Analysis of tumor behavior showed that spheres formation was associated with tumor invasiveness (OR = 3,96; IC: 1.05-14.88, p = 0.036). The in vitro reduction of cell proliferation by DRD2 and SSTR2 agonists (31 +/- 17% and 35 +/- 13% inhibition, respectively, p < 0.01 vs. basal) occurring in about a half of NFPTs cells was conserved in the corresponding spheres. Accordingly, these drugs increased cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27 and decreased cyclin D3 expression in spheres. In conclusion, they provided further evidence for the existence of cells with a progenitor/stem cells-like phenotype in the majority of NFPTs, particularly in those with invasive behavior, and demonstrated that the antiproliferative effects of dopaminergic and somatostatinergic drugs were maintained in progenitor/stem-like cells.
Dopamine receptor type 2 (DRD2) and somatostatin receptor type 2 (SSTR2) agonists are effective in inhibiting proliferation of progenitor/stem-like cells isolated from nonfunctioning pituitary tumors / E. Peverelli, E. Giardino, D. Treppiedi, M. Meregalli, M. Belicchi, V. Vaira, S. Corbetta, C. Verdelli, E. Verrua, A.L. Serban, M. Locatelli, G. Carrabba, G. Gaudenzi, E. Malchiodi, L. Cassinelli, A.G. Lania, S. Ferrero, S. Bosari, G. Vitale, Y. Torrente, A. Spada, G. Mantovani. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0020-7136. - 140:8(2017 Apr), pp. 1870-1880.
|Titolo:||Dopamine receptor type 2 (DRD2) and somatostatin receptor type 2 (SSTR2) agonists are effective in inhibiting proliferation of progenitor/stem-like cells isolated from nonfunctioning pituitary tumors|
|Parole Chiave:||tumor stem cells; pituitary adenomas; dopamine; somatostatin; drug resistance|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2017|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||8-feb-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.30613|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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