We develop a two-dimensional thermo-mechanical numerical model in which the formation of oceanic crust and serpentinite due to the hydration of the uprising mantle peridotite has been implemented, with the aim of discussing the behaviour of the lithosphere of the Alps and Northern Apennines during the transition from continental rifting to ocean spreading of the Alpine Tethys. The predictions of the model are compared with natural data related to the Permian–Triassic high-temperature – low-pressure (HT-LP) metamorphism affecting the continental lithosphere and data from the Jurassic P–T evolution of the oceanic lithosphere from the Alps and the Northern Apennines. Our analysis indicates that a thinned continental crust, an ocean–continent transition zone and an oceanic lithosphere characterize the final structure of the system in a poor magma rift pre-Alpine configuration. We also find that mantle serpentinization starts before crustal break-up and that denudation occurs before ocean spreading. The mantle denudation starts several million years before the gabbros/basalt formation, generating an ocean–continent transition zone from the passive continental margin to the oceanic lithosphere of size 160–280 km. The comparative analysis shows that the extension of a hot and weak lithosphere, which promotes the development of hyperextended Alpine margins, better agrees with the natural data. Finally, our comparative analysis supports the hypothesis that the lithospheric extension preceding the opening of the Alpine Tethys did not start in a stable continental lithosphere, but developed by recycling part of the old Variscan collisional suture.

Thermo-mechanical numerical model of the transition from continental rifting to oceanic spreading : the case study of the Alpine Tethys / A.M. Marotta, M. Roda, K. Conte, M.I. Spalla. - In: GEOLOGICAL MAGAZINE. - ISSN 0016-7568. - 155:2(2018 Feb), pp. 250-259. [10.1017/S0016756816000856]

Thermo-mechanical numerical model of the transition from continental rifting to oceanic spreading : the case study of the Alpine Tethys

A.M. Marotta
Primo
;
M. Roda
Secondo
;
M.I. Spalla
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

We develop a two-dimensional thermo-mechanical numerical model in which the formation of oceanic crust and serpentinite due to the hydration of the uprising mantle peridotite has been implemented, with the aim of discussing the behaviour of the lithosphere of the Alps and Northern Apennines during the transition from continental rifting to ocean spreading of the Alpine Tethys. The predictions of the model are compared with natural data related to the Permian–Triassic high-temperature – low-pressure (HT-LP) metamorphism affecting the continental lithosphere and data from the Jurassic P–T evolution of the oceanic lithosphere from the Alps and the Northern Apennines. Our analysis indicates that a thinned continental crust, an ocean–continent transition zone and an oceanic lithosphere characterize the final structure of the system in a poor magma rift pre-Alpine configuration. We also find that mantle serpentinization starts before crustal break-up and that denudation occurs before ocean spreading. The mantle denudation starts several million years before the gabbros/basalt formation, generating an ocean–continent transition zone from the passive continental margin to the oceanic lithosphere of size 160–280 km. The comparative analysis shows that the extension of a hot and weak lithosphere, which promotes the development of hyperextended Alpine margins, better agrees with the natural data. Finally, our comparative analysis supports the hypothesis that the lithospheric extension preceding the opening of the Alpine Tethys did not start in a stable continental lithosphere, but developed by recycling part of the old Variscan collisional suture.
2D FEM; Alps; Apennines; continental break-up; ocean–continent transition zone
Settore GEO/10 - Geofisica della Terra Solida
Settore GEO/03 - Geologia Strutturale
ott-2016
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2016.Marotta.et.al.Geol.Mag.2016.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 2.94 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.94 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
geo_1600085-post-print.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 8.07 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
8.07 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
thermo-mechanical-numerical-model-of-the-transition-from-continental-rifting-to-oceanic-spreading-the-case-study-of-the-alpine-tethys.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 3.07 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.07 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/479879
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 23
social impact