The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a pivotal role in the regulation of fluid, electrolyte balance and blood pressure, and is a modulator of cellular growth and proliferation. Biological actions of RAS are linked to the binding of the effector molecule, angiotensin II (AngII), to specific membrane receptors, mostly the AT1 subtype and, to a lesser extent, other subtypes. Following the identification and characterization of the AT 2 subtype receptor, it has been proposed that a complex interaction between AngII and its receptors may play an important role in the effects of RAS. In this paper current information on AngII subtype receptors - their structure, regulation and intracellular signalling - are reviewed, with a particular emphasis on the potential relevance for cardiovascular pathophysiology. In addition, we discuss modulation of expression of the AT 2 receptor and its interaction with the AT1 receptor subtype, as well as the potential effects of this receptor on blood pressure regulation. A better understanding of the integrated effects of the AngII subtype receptors may help to elucidate the function of the RAS, as well as their participation in the mechanisms of cardiovascular disease and attendant therapeutic implications.
|Titolo:||Angiotensin II AT 2 receptors subtype: an uprising frontier in cardiovascular disease?|
MORGANTI, ALBERTO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Angiotensin; Angiotensin receptors; Blood pressure; Cardiovascular disease; Cellular growth; Hypertension; Renin-angiotensin system; Stroke|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/00004872-200308000-00001|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|