The new mineral species lusernaite-(Y), ideally Y4Al(CO 3)2(OH,F)11·6H2O, has been discovered in small fractures of the "Luserna Stone," a leucocratic orthogneiss belonging to the Dora-Maira massif, Western Alps, Italy. It occurs as colorless, thin platelets, with white streak and mica-like pearly luster, elongated along  and flattened on 010, arranged in radiating aggregates. Lusernaite-(Y) is associated with aeschynite-(Y), albite, "chlorite," hematite, pyrite, quartz, and titanite. Lusernaite-(Y) has a perfect cleavage on 010 and a less marked one probably on 100. Its calculated density is 2.810 g/cm3. In plane-polarized light, it is transparent, with parallel extinction and positive elongation. Lusernaite-(Y) is biaxial positive; its optical orientation is a = Z, b = X, c = Y. Owing to the crystal morphology, only two refractive indices could be measured, corresponding to b = 1.566(2) and g = 1.577(2). Lusernaite-(Y) is orthorhombic, space group Pmna, with a = 7.8412(3), b = 11.0313(5), c = 11.3870(4) Å, V = 984.96(7) Å3, Z = 2. Main diffraction lines of the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are [d in Å, (I), (hkl)]: 11.02 (100) (010), 7.90 (49) (011), 5.66 (25) (002), 5.06 (24) (012), 4.258 (33) (112), 3.195 (27) (220), 3.095 (21) (212). Raman spectroscopy confirmed the presence of CO 3groups (sharp peak at 1096 cm-1); due to the very strong luminescence, the bands of the OH and H2O groups could not be seen. Chemical analyses by electron microprobe gave (wt%) Al2O 36.11, Y2O343.52, La2O 30.02, Ce2O30.04, Nd2O 30.03, Sm2O30.16, Gd2O 31.39, Dy2O33.46, Er2O 33.15, Yb2O32.09, CaO 0.33, PbO 0.37, H 2O 22.76, CO29.95, F 1.40, O=F -0.59, sum 94.19; H 2O and CO2were determined from structure refinement. The empirical formula by assuming the presence of 2 (CO3) 2-groups, 11 (OH,F)- anions, and 6 H2O groups, in agreement with micro-Raman and structural results, is (Y 3.41Dy0.16Er0.15Yb0.09Gd 0.07Ca0.05Pb0.02Sm0.01) S3.96Al1.06(CO3)2.00(OH 10.35F0.65)Σ11.00·6H2O. The crystal structure was solved by direct methods and refined on the basis of 840 observed reflections to R1= 6.8%. In the structure of lusernaite-(Y), yttrium and REE cations occupy two distinct sites, Y1 and Y2, both in eightfold coordination. The structure is built by layers parallel to (010), formed by chains of edge-sharing Y-centered polyhedra (Y1), which run along , and are connected along c through Al-centered octahedra. These chains are decorated on one side by corner-sharing chains of Y-centered polyhedra (Y2), and on the other side by CO3groups. Along  the decorated chains alternate their polarity. Lusernaite-(Y), named after the type locality, the Luserna Valley, shows a new kind of structure among the natural carbonates of REE. Its origin is related to the circulation of hydrothermal solutions during the late-stage Alpine tectono-metamorphic events.
Lusernaite-(Y), Y4Al(CO3)2(OH,F) 11·6H2O, a new mineral species from Luserna Valley, Piedmont, Italy : description and crystal structure / C. Biagioni, E. Bonaccorsi, F. Cámara, M. Cadoni, M.E. Ciriotti, D. Bersani, U. Kolitsch. - In: AMERICAN MINERALOGIST. - ISSN 0003-004X. - 98:7(2013 Jul), pp. 1322-1329.
|Titolo:||Lusernaite-(Y), Y4Al(CO3)2(OH,F) 11·6H2O, a new mineral species from Luserna Valley, Piedmont, Italy : description and crystal structure|
|Parole Chiave:||Carbonate; Crystal structure; Italy; Luserna stone; Lusernaite-(Y); New mineral species; Piedmont; Yttrium; Geochemistry and Petrology; Geophysics|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/am.2013.4366|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|