Clinicians are opting ever more frequently for restorative materials which have an elastic modulus similar to that of dentin when reconstructing endodontically treated teeth. Metallic posts, which are capable of causing dangerous and non-homogenous stresses in root dentin, are slowly being abandoned. Ideal posts may be those made of various types of fibre (carbon, mineral and glass) and which are adhesively luted into the canal. Among the different methods for evaluating the mechanical behaviour of posts in root canals (progressive loads and photo-elastic technique) the finite element method (FEM) presents many advantages. The aim of this paper is to evaluate, utilizing three-dimensional analysis of the finite elements, what the effect of material rigidity, depth of insertion and post diameter could be on the stress distribution in the different components of the single tooth-post-core reconstruction unit. The results of the FEM analyses, expressed as the distribution of Von Mises stress values, has allowed us to conclude that (i) fibreglass-reinforced composite distributes stress better than titanium alloy or stainless steel; (ii) fibreglass-reinforced composite posts should be inserted as deeply as possible (but maintaining 5-6 mm of gutta-percha apical seal); (iii) fibreglass-reinforced composite post diameter does not affect stress distribution, therefore, as much radicular dentin as possible should be preserved.
|Titolo:||Stress distribution in a post-restored tooth using the three-dimensional finite element method|
GAGLIANI, MASSIMO MARIO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Finite element method; Luting material; Mastication force; Posts; Retention|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2006|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1365-2842.2006.01538.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|