Since the early 2000s, a new paradigm in labour migration policy has widespread in Europe and replaced 'zero-immigration' stances: "managed migration". This stresses the positive impact of certain types of migrants in economic, demographic and political terms. It entails that the states take an active role in designing migration policy, by selecting certain types of 'wanted' migrants (notably, high-skilled migrants) and restricting access to other types of less wanted migrants (notably, low skilled). Effectively managing migration means well selecting migrants.The EU action has embraced this paradigm, and in fact two directives concerning labour migrants have been adopted: the Blue Card Directive, for highly qualified workers, and the seasonal workers directive, for low skilled and temporary foreign workers.The hypothesis therefore is that there is convergence among member states in decoupling policies for labour migrants, by providing more open admission routes and more rights to highly skilled than to low skilled migrants. My question is i) whether this hypothesis is true and ii) whether competition for highly skilled prevails over national differences, or rather a spillover effect from a policy for one group to a policy for another group of migrants persists in MSs.I will answer these questions by building an 'openness migration policy index', drawing on existing literature (Cerna, Ruhs, Helbling), to analyse existing labour migration programmes. I build a graph that distinguishes between rights and admission and I locate policies for low- and high-skilled migrants in it. I present my preliminary results for 5 countries in different EU regions.
|Titolo:||Selective Migration Policy in the EU: Dream or Reality?|
BELMONTE, MARTINA (Primo)
|Data di pubblicazione:||7-set-2015|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore SPS/04 - Scienza Politica|
|Citazione:||Selective Migration Policy in the EU: Dream or Reality? / M. Belmonte. ((Intervento presentato al convegno UACES tenutosi a Bilbao nel 2015.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||14 - Intervento a convegno non pubblicato|