Two glycoclusters constituted by four fully acetylated β-acetylmannosamine residues linked through trimethylenethioureido spacers to a calixarene core and differing for the presence of methoxy or propoxy groups at the lower rim were synthesized. One of the two compounds is fixed in the 1,3-alternate geometry by the presence of the propoxy groups, while the other is potentially free to assume one of the different geometries allowed in calixarene. Their similar NMR spectra in chloroform clearly suggest the same 1,3-alternate geometry. Both compounds were submitted to a conformational investigation with the DFT approach at the standard B3LYP/6-31G(d) level. The two glycocalixarenes showed a large conformational preference for the same geometry that put the mannosamine moiety of one substituent close to the thioureido group of the opposite substituent. This allows the formation of intramolecular hydrogen bonds and originates a series of through-space close contacts. A comparison with the NOESY maps evidence an excellent correspondence between experimental and theoretical data, thus giving an experimental validation of the highly symmetrical conformation that the two glycocalixarenes assume in apolar solvents.
|Titolo:||Molecular Architecture and Symmetry Properties of 1,3-Alternate Calixarenes with Orientable Groups at the Para Position of the Phenolic Rings|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||21-ott-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/acs.joc.6b01784|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|