Background: Bowel ultrasound has been proven to be a useful tool in the management of Crohn's disease, particularly in the assessment of intra-abdominal complications, most of which require surgery. Materials and methods: The National Library of Medicine has been searched for articles on the use of bowel ultrasound in Crohn's disease focusing on aspects of interest to the surgeon. Results and conclusions: Several studies have demonstrated that bowel ultrasound may be useful to reduce the risk of unnecessary laparotomy in patients presenting acute abdomen with suspected chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Bowel ultrasound has been proven to be of value in the follow-up of Crohn's disease patients since allowing early diagnosis of intra-abdominal complications and, therefore, optimising the diagnostic and surgical approach. At followup, bowel ultrasound may accurately diagnose early postoperative complications and long-term disease recurrence. In patients submitted to conservative surgery, ultrasonography reveals changes in diseased bowel walls that may be predictive of recurrence of the disease, and hence determinant in the choice of medical treatment.
|Titolo:||Bowel ultrasound in Crohn's disease : surgical perspective|
|Autori interni:||MACONI, GIOVANNI (Primo)|
BIANCHI PORRO, GABRIELE (Ultimo)
SARTANI, ALESSANDRA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Crohn's disease; Surgery; Ultrasound|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00384-007-0418-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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