Tumor evolution is shaped by many variables, potentially involving external selective pressures induced by therapies1. After surgery, patients with estrogen receptor (ERa)-positive breast cancer are treated with adjuvant endocrine therapy2, including selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) and/or aromatase inhibitors (AIs)3. However, more than 20% of patients relapse within 1 10 years and eventually progress to incurable metastatic disease4. Here we demonstrate that the choice of therapy has a fundamental influence on the genetic landscape of relapsed diseases. We found that 21.5% of AI-treated, relapsed patients had acquired CYP19A1 (encoding aromatase) amplification (CYP19A1amp). Relapsed patients also developed numerous mutations targeting key breast cancer–associated genes, including ESR1 and CYP19A1. Notably, CYP19A1amp cells also emerged in vitro, but only in AI-resistant models. CYP19A1 amplification caused increased aromatase activity and estrogen-independent ERa binding to target genes, resulting in CYP19A1amp cells showing decreased sensitivity to AI treatment. These data suggest that AI treatment itself selects for acquired CYP19A1amp and promotes local autocrine estrogen signaling in AI-resistant metastatic patients.
Acquired CYP19A1 amplification is an early specific mechanism of aromatase inhibitor resistance in ERα metastatic breast cancer / L. Magnani, G. Frige, R.M. Gadaleta, G. Corleone, S. Fabris, M.H. Kempe, P.J. Vershure, I. Barozzi, V. Vircillo, S.P. Hong, Y. Perone, M. Saini, A. Trumpp, G. Viale, A. Neri, S. Ali, M.A. Colleoni, G. Pruneri, S. Minucci. - In: NATURE GENETICS. - ISSN 1546-1718. - 49:3(2017 Mar), pp. 444-450.
|Titolo:||Acquired CYP19A1 amplification is an early specific mechanism of aromatase inhibitor resistance in ERα metastatic breast cancer|
PRUNERI, GIANCARLO (Penultimo)
MINUCCI, SAVERIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2017|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||23-gen-2017|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ng.3773|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|