AIMS: Cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) provides parameters such as peak VO2 and ventilation/CO2 production (VE/VCO2) slope, which are strong prognostic predictors in patients with stable advanced chronic heart failure (ADHF). The study aim was to evaluate the effects of the inodilator levosimendan on CPET in patients with ADHF under stable clinical conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled patients with ADHF (peak VO2 < 12 mL/min/kg) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled protocol. Patients were randomly assigned to i.v. infusion of placebo (500 mL 5% glucose; n = 19) or levosimendan (in 500 mL 5% glucose; n = 23). Before and 24 h after the end of the infusion, patients underwent determination of New York Heart Association class, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), haemoglobin, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen levels, as well as CPET, standard spirometry, and alveolar capillary gas diffusion. BNP showed no change with placebo (1042 ± 811 to 1043 ± 867 pg/mL), but it was decreased with levosimendan (1163 ± 897 to 509 ± 543 pg/mL, P < 0.001). No changes were observed for haemoglobin, creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen in either group. With levosimendan, a minor improvement was observed in spirometry measurements, but not in alveolar capillary gas diffusion. Peak VO2 showed a small, non-significant increase with placebo (9.5 ± 1.7 to 10.0 ± 2.1 mL/kg/min, P = 0.12), and a greater increase with levosimendan (9.8 ± 1.7 to 11.0 ± 1.9 mL/kg/min, P < 0.005). The VE/VCO2 slope showed no change (44.0 ± 11 vs. 43.4 ± 10.3, P = 0.44), and a decrease (41.9 ± 10 vs. 36.6 ± 6.4, P < 0.001) in the placebo and in the levosimendan group, respectively. CONCLUSION: Levosimendan treatment significantly improves peak VO2 and reduces VE/VCO2 slope and BNP in patients with ADHF.
Levosimendan improves exercise performance in patients with advanced chronic heart failure / S. Mushtaq, D. Andreini, S. Farina, E. Salvioni, G. Pontone, S. Sciomer, V. Volpato, P. Agostoni. - In: ESC HEART FAILURE. - ISSN 2055-5822. - 2:3(2015 Sep), pp. 133-141.
|Titolo:||Levosimendan improves exercise performance in patients with advanced chronic heart failure|
MUSHTAQ, SAIMA (Primo)
ANDREINI, DANIELE (Secondo)
AGOSTONI, PIERGIUSEPPE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Advanced chronic heart failure; Cardiopulmonary exercise test; Levosimendan|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2015|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ehf2.12047|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|