A multischool outbreak of salmonellosis caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Napoli was investigated in the province of Milan from October to November 2014, following an increase in school absenteeism coinciding with two positive cases. Epidemiological studies detected 47 cases in four primary schools: 46 children and 1 adult woman (51.4% males and 48.6% females, median age 8.9). From these, 14 cases (29.8%) were severe and resulted in hospitalization, including 6 children (12.8%) who developed an invasive salmonellosis. The epidemic curve revealed an abnormally long incubation period, peaking 1 week after the first confirmed case. Twenty-five available isolates were typed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis showing an identical pattern. The isolate belongs to ST474, an ST composed exclusively of Salmonella Napoli human strains isolated in France and Italy. Antibiotic resistance analysis showed resistance to aminoglycosides, correlating with the presence of the aminoglycoside resistance gene aadA25 in its genome. Trace-back investigations strongly suggested contaminated ham as the most likely food vehicle, which was delivered by a common food center on 21 October. Nevertheless, this ingredient could not be retrospectively investigated since it was no longer available at the repository. This represents the largest Salmonella Napoli outbreak ever reported in Italy and provides a unique scenario for studying the outcome of salmonellosis caused by this emerging and potentially invasive nontyphoidal serotype.
A multischool outbreak due to salmonella enterica serovar Napoli associated with elevated rates of hospitalizations and bacteremia, Milan, Italy, 2014 / P. Huedo, M. Gori, E. Amato, R. Bianchi, E. Valerio, L. Magnoli, M. Pontello. - In: FOODBORNE PATHOGENS AND DISEASE. - ISSN 1535-3141. - 13:8(2016 Aug), pp. 417-422.
|Titolo:||A multischool outbreak due to salmonella enterica serovar Napoli associated with elevated rates of hospitalizations and bacteremia, Milan, Italy, 2014|
GORI, MARIA (Secondo)
PONTELLO, MIRELLA MARIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||microbiology; food science; applied microbiology and biotechnology; animal science and zoology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata|
|Progetto:||Long-term effects of early nutrition on later health|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2015.2091|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|