Background: Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is an anesthetic drug with antioxidant and antiinflammatory properties, documented both in vitro and in experimental models of ischemia–reperfusion injury and septic shock. These properties have been related to the similarity of its chemical structure to that of endogenous tocopherols, which are phenol-containing radical scavengers. This study evaluated the effects of propofol on alpha- and gamma-tocopherol (alpha- and gamma-T) levels and on selected markers of oxidant–antioxidant and inflammatory status in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: Patients were randomly assigned for anesthesia with either propofol (propofol group, n = 22) or sevoflurane (control group, n = 21). Plasma levels of alpha- and gamma-T, individual antioxidant capacity, malondialdehyde, and interleukin 10 were measured before, during, and after anesthesia. In addition, levels of the proinflammatory prostaglandin E2 as a marker of cyclooxygenase-2 activity and those of interleukin 10 were measured in whole blood cultured with bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Results: Gamma-T levels increased significantly during surgery in propofol group (P < 0.0001 vs. control group). By contrast, alpha-T similarly decreased in both groups. Malondialdehyde and interleukin 10 increased markedly and individual antioxidant capacity decreased, without differences between groups. Prostaglandin E2 levels measured 24 h after anesthesia induction were significantly lower in the propofol than in the control group. In vitro studies highlighted the different capacity of gamma- and alpha-T to impair prostaglandin E2 synthesis by human monocytes challenged with bacterial lipopolysaccharide. Conclusions: The antiinflammatory properties of propofol that may be linked to its effect on gamma-T levels could be relevant in controlling the inflammatory response that accompanies tissue injury during reperfusion.
|Titolo:||Anesthetic propofol enhances plasma gamma-tocopherol levels in patients undergoing cardiac surgery|
|Autori interni:||CIGHETTI, GIULIANA MARIA|
CAVALCA, VIVIANA MARIA (Primo)
TREMOLI, ELENA (Penultimo)
COLLI, SUSANNA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1097/ALN.0b013e318173efb4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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