Purpose: Brain necrosis or other subacute iatrogenic reactions has been recognized as a potential complication of radiotherapy (RT), although the possible synergistic effects of high-dose chemotherapy and RT might have been underestimated. Methods and materials: We reviewed the clinical and radiologic data of 49 consecutive children with malignant brain tumors treated with high-dose thiotepa and autologous hematopoietic stem cell rescue, preceded or followed by RT. The patients were assessed for neurocognitive tests to identify any correlation with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) anomalies. Results: Of the 49 children, 18 (6 of 25 with high-grade gliomas and 12 of 24 with primitive neuroectodermal tumors) had abnormal brain MRI findings occurring a median of 8 months (range, 2-39 months) after RT and beginning to regress a median of 13 months (range, 2-26 months) after onset. The most common lesion pattern involved multiple pseudonodular, millimeter-size, T1-weighted unevenly enhancing, and T2-weighted hyperintense foci. Four patients with primitive neuroectodermal tumors also had subdural fluid leaks, with meningeal enhancement over the effusion. One-half of the patients had symptoms relating to the new radiographic findings. The MRI lesion-free survival rate was 74%+/-6% at 1 year and 57%+/-8% at 2 years. The number of marrow ablative courses correlated significantly to the incidence of radiographic anomalies. No significant difference was found in intelligent quotient scores between children with and without radiographic changes. Conclusion: Multiple enhancing cerebral lesions were frequently seen on MRI scans soon after high-dose chemotherapy and RT. Such findings pose a major diagnostic challenge in terms of their differential diagnosis vis-à-vis recurrent tumor. Their correlation with neurocognitive results deserves further investigation.
|Titolo:||Brain magnetic resonance imaging after high-dose chemotherapy and radiotherapy for childhood brain tumors|
|Autori interni:||CLERICI, CARLO ALFREDO|
|Parole Chiave:||Brain tumors; High-dose chemotherapy; Iatrogenic effects; Magnetic resonance imaging; Neurotoxicity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-PSI/01 - Psicologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-mar-2008|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.ijrobp.2007.07.2377|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|