Backgrounds Peak exercise cardiac output (CO) increase is associated with an increase of peak oxygen uptake (VO2), provided that arteriovenous O2 difference [Δ(Ca − Cv)O2] does not decrease. At anaerobic threshold, VO2, is related to CO. We tested the hypothesis that, in heart failure (HF) patients with left ventricular assistance device (LVAD), an acute increase of CO obtained through changes in LVAD pump speed is associated with peak exercise and anaerobic threshold VO2 increase. Methods Fifteen of 20 patients bearing LVAD (Jarvik 2000) enrolled in the study successfully performed peak exercise evaluation. All patients had severe HF as shown by clinical evaluation, laboratory tests, echocardiography, spirometry with alveolar-capillary diffusion, and maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). CPETs with non-invasive CO measurements at rest and peak exercise were done on 2 days at LVAD pump speed set randomly at 2 and 4. Results Increasing LVAD pump speed from 2 to 4 increased CO from 3.4 ± 0.9 to 3.8 ± 1.0 L/min (ΔCO 0.4 ± 0.6 L/min, p = 0.04) and from 5.3 ± 1.3 to 5.9 ± 1.4 L/min (ΔCO 0.6 ± 0.7 L/min, p < 0.01) at rest and peak exercise, respectively. Similarly, VO2 increased from 788 ± 169 to 841 ± 152 mL/min (ΔVO2 52 ± 76 mL/min, p = 0.01) and from 568 ± 116 to 619 ± 124 mL/min (ΔVO2 69 ± 96 mL/min, p = 0.02) at peak exercise and at anaerobic threshold, respectively. Δ(Ca − Cv)O2 did not change significantly, while ventilatory efficiency improved (VE/VCO2 slope from 39.9 ± 5.4 to 34.9 ± 8.3, ΔVE/VCO2 − 5.0 ± 6.4, p < 0.01). Conclusions In HF, an increase in CO with a higher LVAD pump speed is associated with increased peak VO2, postponed anaerobic threshold, and improved ventilatory efficiency.
Lvad pump speed increase is associated with increased peak exercise cardiac output and vo2, postponed anaerobic threshold and improved ventilatory efficiency / C. Vignati, A. Apostolo, G. Cattadori, S. Farina, A. Del Torto, S. Scuri, G. Gerosa, T. Bottio, V. Tarzia, J. Bejko, E. Sisillo, F. Nicoli, S. Sciomer, F. Alamanni, S. Paolillo, P. Agostoni. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - 230(2017), pp. 28-32.
|Titolo:||Lvad pump speed increase is associated with increased peak exercise cardiac output and vo2, postponed anaerobic threshold and improved ventilatory efficiency|
VIGNATI, CARLO (Primo)
AGOSTONI, PIERGIUSEPPE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cardiac output; Exercise testing; Heart failure; LVAD|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||22-dic-2016|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.112|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|